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2019-02-26; City Council; ; Introduce an Energy Conservation Ordinance and Electric Vehicle Charging infrastructure OrdinanceCA Review --- @) S~~fiR~port Meeting Date: To: From: Staff Contact: Subject: Project Name: Project No.: Feb.26,2019 Mayor and City Council Scott Chadwick, City Manager David de Cordova, Principal Planner/Michael Grim, Sr. Program Manager David.deCordova@carlsbadca.gov or 760-602-4604 Mike.Grim@carlsbadca.gov or 760-602-4623 Introduce an Energy Conservation Ordinance and Electric Vehicle Charging infrastructure Ordinance. Climate Action Plan Ordinances MCA 17-0002 {PUB17Y-0013) Recommended Action Introduce ordinances amending Carlsbad Municipal Code, Title 18, Chapters 18.21 and 18.30 regarding energy efficiency, renewable energy, alternative water heating and electric vehicle charging infrastructure for residential and nonresidential new construction and major renovations. Executive Summary The city's Climate Action Plan (CAP) was adopted by the City Council on September 22, 2015. The CAP calls for the adoption of ordinances related to energy efficiency, renewable energy, alternative water heating and electric vehicle charging infrastructure. Implementation of these ordinances is intended to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and assist in reaching the GHG reduction targets contained in the CAP. These ordinances amend Title 18 of the Carlsbad Municipal Code, and therefore require City Council approval. The energy-related ordinances also constitute amendments to the California Building Code Title 24, Parts 6 and 11, and must receive approval from the California Energy Commission {CEC) and be filed with the California Building Standards Commission (CBSC) prior to implementation. The electric vehicle charging ordinance amends the California Building Code Title 24, Part 11 (CALGreen) and will become effective 30 days after City Council adoption and after filing with the CBSC. Discussion The city's Climate Action Plan (CAP), adopted by the City Council on September 22, 2015, calls for the adoption of ordinances related to energy efficiency, renewable energy, alternative water heating and electric vehicle charging infrastructure. Implementation of these ordinances is intended to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and assist in reaching GHG reduction targets contained in the CAP . Generally, the ordinances are designed to reduce energy consumption, increase local production of renewable energy, reduce natural gas usage for water heating and reduce GHG February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 1 of 74 emissions from vehicles. The purpose, general requirements and applicability of each ordinance is described below. A summary of the specific ordinance requirements is contained in Exhibit 4. Energy Conservation Ordinances Energy Efficiency-the purpose of the energy efficiency provisions is to increase the energy efficiency of residential and nonresidential buildings. This is accomplished through inclusion of cost-effective energy efficiency measures in new construction and/or major renovations. Residential efficiency provisions apply to renovations of existing single-family and multi-family residential buildings with a building permit valuation of $60,000 or more. This is the same threshold that triggers a local Coastal Development Permit. Building permit applicants can opt to perform a home energy assessment and be exempted from the ordinance requirements if they achieve a minimum energy efficiency score. Nonresidential efficiency provisions apply to all new construction and major renovations adding more than 1,000 square feet of floor area or with a building permit valuation of $200,000 or more. Photovoltaic {PV} Energy-the purpose of the PV provisions is to increase the amount of locally generated renewable energy in nonresidential buildings. This is accomplished through the inclusion of cost-effective PV systems in new construction and major renovations. The PV provisions apply to all new nonresidential construction and major renovations with a building permit valuation of $1,000,000 or more that affect 75 percent or more of the existing floor area. It also applies to projects increasing the existing roof area by 2,000 or more square feet. Water Heating-the purpose of the water heating provisions is to reduce the usage of natural gas for heating water in residential and nonresidential buildings. This is accomplished through the inclusion of cost-effective energy-efficient electric water heaters and/or solar water heating systems in all new residential and nonresidential construction. A separate residential water heating ordinance is proposed because its provisions rely on the 2019 Energy Code update, which will become effective on January 1, 2020. As such, the local ordinance amending residential water heating requirements will not become effective until January 1, 2020. Electric Vehicle (EV) Ordinance -the purpose of the electric vehicle ordinance is to promote increased EV use by providing more opportunity for EV charging. This is accomplished through the inclusion of cost-effective EV charging infrastructure in new construction and major renovations. The ordinance applies to all new residential and nonresidential construction. The ordinance also applies to major residential renovations, which are defined as: 1) one and two-family dwellings and townhouses with an attached garage, whose project includes an electrical service panel upgrade, or has a building permit valuation of $60,000 or more; and 2) a multifamily project February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 2 of 74 (three or more dwellings) undergoing replacement/upgrade of major building systems, which includes 2,500 square feet or more of site work (grading, parking area replacement/addition, or landscaping), and has a building permit valuation of $200,000 or more. Cost-effectiveness Public Resources Code Section 2502.l(h)2 requires that local jurisdictions perform and submit to the CEC a "cost effectiveness" study with supporting analysis showing that ordinances with additional energy saving measures are cost-effective. City staff partnered with the California Energy Codes and Standards team, as well as the Center for Sustainable Energy (CSE) and TRC Solutions, to prepare cost-effectiveness studies for the proposed energy conservation ordinance. All studies followed CEC analysis protocol and showed that the energy saving measures in the proposed ordinance are cost-effective based upon utility bill savings by the customer. The city also worked with CSE and TRC to prepare a cost-effectiveness study for the EV ordinance, even though this is not required by state law. All studies are on file with the City Clerk's Office and available for public review. Fiscal Analysis Cost associated with administering these ordinances will be recovered through plan check, permitting and inspection fees currently in effect. No fee modifications are proposed. Next Steps Upon adoption, the energy conservation ordinance (energy efficiency, PV, and water heating) will be submitted to the CEC for review and approval. The ordinance will become effective upon CEC approval and after filing with the CBSC. The residential water heating provisions will become effective on January 1, 2020, concurrent with the statewide 2019 Building Standards Code update. The EV ordinance will become effective 30 days after City Council adoption and filing with the CBSC. Environmental Evaluation (CEQA) The project was previously evaluated in the Final Program Environmental Impact Report (EIR) for the General Plan update (GPA 07-02), Climate Action Plan (SS 15-05) and other documents (EIR 13-02), dated September 22, 2015. The EIR evaluated the potential environmental effects of the implementation of the Climate Action Plan including the adoption and enforcement of energy conservation and electric vehicle charging infrastructure ordinances. This project is within the scope of the Final Program EIR 13-02 and no further California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) compliance is required. Public Notification The city conducted a variety of public outreach efforts for the CAP ordinances, including: individual and group stakeholder meetings; presentations at the Carlsbad Chamber of Commerce, Carlsbad Sustainability Coalition and Building Industry Association (BIA); press releases and a news article in Carlsbad Business Journal; and distribution of fact sheets through emails to interested parties and displays at the Development Services front counter. The draft ordinances were posted on the city's website for public review and comment. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 3 of 74 This item was noticed in accordance with the Ralph M. Brown Act and was available for public viewing and review at least 72 hours prior to scheduled meeting date. Exhibits 1. Ordinance amending Title 18, Chapters 18.21 and 18.30 for energy efficiency, PV systems and nonresidential water heating systems 2. Ordinance amending Title 18, Chapter 18.30 for residential water heating systems 3. Ordinance amending Title 18, Chapter 18.21 for electric vehicle charging infrastructure 4. Summary of ordinance applicability and requirements 5. Proposed text changes to Carlsbad Municipal Code Chapters 18.21 and 18.30 for energy efficiency, photovoltaic and alternative water heating systems 6. Proposed text changes to Carlsbad Municipal Code Chapter 18.21 for electric vehicle infrastructure February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 4 of 74 ORDINANCE NO. CS-347 AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF CARLSBAD, CALIFORNIA, AMENDING CARLSBAD MUNICIPAL CODE CHAPTERS 18.21 AND 18.30 REGARDING REQUIREMENTS FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY MEASURES AND PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS IN NEW OR EXISTING RESIDENTIAL AND NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS, AND WATER HEATING SYSTEMS IN NEW NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS. PROJECT NAME: CLIMATE ACTION PLAN ORDINANCES PROJECT NUMBER: MCA 17-0002 (PUB17Y-0013) EXHIBIT 1 WHEREAS, on September 22, 2015, the City Council of the City of Carlsbad approved Resolution No. 2015-244, approving the Climate Action Plan (CAP) which aims to reduce communitywide greenhouse gas emissions (GHG); and WHEREAS, in connection with approval of the CAP, the City Council certified a program environmental impact report (EIR 13-02) in compliance with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), which evaluated the potential environmental effects of CAP implementation, including adoption and enforcement of various ordinances and programs intended to reduce GHG; and WHEREAS, this ordinance fulfills a CAP requirement to address energy efficiency measures, photovoltaic systems and alternative water heating systems for new and existing residential and nonresidential buildings (CAP measures B-1, B-2, D-3, E, F-3, and J-2); and WHEREAS, the City Planner has determined that: 1) adoption of this ordinance is a subsequent activity of the CAP for which program EIR 13-02 was prepared; 2) a notice for the activity has been given, which includes statements that this activity is within the scope of the program approved earlier, and that program EIR 13-02 adequately describes the activity for the purposes of CEQA Section 15168(c)(2) and (e); 3) the project has no new significant environmental effect not analyzed as significant in the prior EIR 13-02; and 4) none of the circumstances requiring a subsequent or a supplemental EIR under CEQA Guidelines Sections 15162 or 15163 exist; and WHEREAS, California Health and Safety Code section 17958 requires that cities adopt building regulations that are substantially the same as those adopted by the California Building Standards Commission and contained in the California Building Standards; and WHEREAS, the California Green Building Standards Code is a part of the California Building Standards which contains mandatory green building provisions, as well as a range of voluntary February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 5 of 74 EXHIBIT 1 measures, known as CALGreen Voluntary Tier 1 and Tier 2, relating to energy efficiency and renewable energy; and, WHEREAS, the California Energy Code is a part of the California Building Standards which implements minimum energy efficiency standards in buildings through mandatory requirements, prescriptive standards, and performances standards; and WHEREAS, California Health and Safety Code Sections 17958.5, 17958.7 and 18941.5 provide that the City may make changes or modifications to the building standards contained in the California Building Standards based upon express findings that such changes or modifications are reasonably necessary because of local climatic, geological or topographical conditions; and WHEREAS, California Green Building Standards Code Section 101.7.1 provides that local climatic, geological or topographical conditions include environmental conditions established by a city, county, or city and county; and WHEREAS, the City Council of the City of Carlsbad finds that each of the amendments, additions and deletions to the California Green Building Standards Code and California Energy Code contained in this ordinance are reasonably necessary because of local climatic, geological or topographical conditions described in Attachment A to this ordinance; and WHEREAS, Public Resources Code Section 25402.l(h)2 and Section 10-106 of the Building Energy Efficiency Standards (Standards) establish a process which allows local adoption of energy standards that are more stringent than the statewide Standards, provided that such local standards are cost effective and the California Energy Commission finds that the standards will require buildings to be designed to consume no more energy than permitted by the California Energy Code; and WHEREAS, the City of Carlsbad has performed cost effectiveness analyses as required by the California Energy Commission for the local amendments to the California Green Building Standards Code and California Energy Code contained in this ordinance; and WHEREAS, based upon these analyses, the City Council of the City of Carlsbad finds that the local amendments to the California Green Building Standards Code and California Energy Code contained in this ordinance are cost effective and will require buildings to be designed to consume no more energy than permitted by the California Energy Code. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 6 of 74 EXHIBIT 1 NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED by the City Council of the City of Carlsbad, California, ordains as follows that: 1. The above recitations are true and correct. 2. Chapter 18.21 List of Sections is amended to add a reference to a new section as follows: 18.21.155 California Green Building Standards Code Appendix AS adopted in part and amended as mandatory requirements -Energy efficiency. 3. Section 18.21.010 is amended to read as follows: 18.21.010 Adoption. The 2016 California Green Building Standards Code copyrighted by the California Building Standards Commission, together with those amendments, exceptions, additions and deletions incorporated into this chapter, is adopted by reference as the Green Building Standards Code of the City of Carlsbad. 3. Section 18.21.155 is added to read as follows: 18.21.155 California Green Building Standards Code Appendix AS adopted in part and amended as mandatory requirements -Energy efficiency. California Green Building Standards Code Appendix AS -Nonresidential Voluntary Measures, Division AS.2 -Energy Efficiency, Sections AS.201, AS.202, Subsections AS.203.1.1 (Tier 1 Prerequisites) through AS.203.1.2.1 Tier 1, and Sections AS.211 through AS.213, are adopted and amended herein as mandatory requirements for construction of nonresidential, high-rise residential, hotels/motels, and alterations thereto having a building permit valuation of at least $200,000 or additions of at least 1,000 square feet. A. Section AS.203.1.1.2 of the California Green Building Standards Code is amended to read as follows: AS.203.1.1.2 Service water heating in restaurants. Newly constructed restaurants shall comply with California Energy Code Section 140.5. B. Section AS.211 of the California Green Building Standards Code is amended to read as follows: AS.211.1 On-site renewable energy. Use on-site renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, geothermal, low-impact hydro, biomass and bio-gas for at least 1 percent of the electric power calculated as the product of the building service voltage and the amperage specified by the electrical service overcurrent protection device rating or 1 kW, (whichever is greater), in addition to the electrical demand required to February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 7 of 74 meet 1 percent of the natural gas and propane use. The building project's electrical service overcurrent protection device rating shall be calculated in accordance with the 2016 California Electrical Code. Natural gas or propane use is calculated in accordance with the 2016 California Plumbing Code. AS.211.1.1 Documentation. Using a calculation method approved by the California Energy Commission, calculate the renewable on-site energy system to meet the requirements of Section A5.211.1, expressed in kW. Factor in net-metering, if offered by local utility, on an annual basis. AS.211.3 Green power. If offered by local utility provider, participate in a renewable energy portfolio program that provides a minimum of 50 percent electrical power from renewable sources. Maintain documentation through utility billings. Exception to AS.211.1, AS.211.1.1 and AS.211.3: All new nonresidential, high-rise residential, and hotel/motel buildings, and alterations thereto having a building permit valuation of at least $1,000,000 and affecting at least 75 percent of existing floor area, or alterations that increase roof size by at least 2,000 square feet, shall instead comply with California Energy Code Section 120.10. EXHIBIT 1 4. Chapter 18.30 List of Sections is amended to add references to new sections as follows: 18.30.110 18.30.130 18.30.150 18.30.190 California Energy Code Subchapter 1 amended -Definitions California Energy Code Subchapter 3 amended -Nonresidential photovoltaic system required. California Energy Code Subchapters 3 and 5 amended -Nonresidential water heating requirements. California Energy Code Subchapter 9 amended -Energy efficiency in existing residential buildings. 5. Section 18.30.110 is added to read as follows: 18.30.110 California Energy Code Subchapter 1 amended -Definitions. Section 100.l(b) is amended by adding the following definition: SOLAR ELECTRIC GENERATION SYSTEM or PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM is the complete set of all components for converting sunlight into electricity through the photovoltaic process, including the array of panels, inverter(s) and the balance of system components required to enable the system to effectively deliver power to reduce a building's consumption of electricity from the utility grid. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 8 of 74 EXHIBIT 1 6. Section 18.30.130 is added to read as follows: 18.30.130 California Energy Code Subchapter 3 amended -Nonresidential photovoltaic system required. Section 120.10 is added to the California Energy Code as follows: SECTION 120.10 NONRESIDENTIAL PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM REQUIRED All new nonresidential, high-rise residential, and hotel/motel buildings shall comply with the requirements of Section 120.lO(a) or 120.l0(b). Additions to existing nonresidential, high-rise residential, and hotel/motel buildings where the total roof area is increased by at least 2,000 square feet, and alterations to existing nonresidential, high-rise residential, and hotel/motel buildings with a permit valuation of at least $1,000,000 that affect at least 75 percent of the gross floor area shall also comply with the requirements of Section 120.l0(a) or (b). The required installation of a photovoltaic (PV) system shall be sized according to one of the following methods: (a) Based on gross floor area. 1. Buildings with greater than or equal to 10,000 square feet of gross floor area shall install a minimum PV system sized at 15 kilowatts direct current (kWdc) per 10,000 square feet of gross floor area. Note to Section 120.l0{a)l: PV system size = 15 kWdc X (Gross Floor Area/ 10,000 sq. ft.), where the building size factor shall be rounded to the nearest tenth and the resulting product shall be rounded to the nearest whole number. For example, an applicant with a 126,800 square foot building shall install a minimum 191 kilowatt (kWdc) PV system. 2. Buildings under 10,000 square feet of gross floor area shall install a minimum 5 kilowatt (kWdc) PV system. Note to Section 120.10{a)2: Applicants are encouraged to right-size the PV system based on the building's electrical demand to improve the system's cost effectiveness. (b) Based on Time Dependent Valuation {TDV). Install a solar PV system that will offset 80 percent of the building's TDV energy on an annual basis. The system sizing requirement shall be based upon total building TDV energy use including both conditioned and unconditioned space and calculated using modeling software or other methods approved by the Building Official. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 9 of 74 EXHIBIT 1 Exception 1 to Section 120.10: The Building Official may waive or reduce, by the maximum extent necessary, the provisions of this Section if the Official determines there are sufficient practical challenges to make satisfaction of the requirements infeasible. Practical challenges may be a result of the building site location, limited rooftop availability, or shading from nearby structures, topography or vegetation. The applicant is responsible for demonstrating requirement infeasibility when applying for an exemption. Exception 2 to Section 120.10: The Building Official may waive or reduce, by the maximum extent necessary, the provisions of this Section if the Official determines the building has satisfied the purpose and intent of this provision through the use of alternate on-site renewable generation systems such as wind energy systems. 7. Section 18.30.150 is added to read as follows: 18.30.150 California Energy Code Subchapters 3 and 5 amended -Nonresidential water heating requirements. A. Section 120.11 is added to the California Energy Code as follows: SECTION 120.11 NONRESIDENTIAL MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS FOR SERVICE WATER HEATING SYSTEMS Any newly constructed nonresidential building shall derive its service water heating from a system that provides at least 40 percent of the energy needed for service water heating from on-site solar energy or recovered energy. Solar energy includes solar photovoltaics and solar-water heating systems. Exception to Section 120.11: Buildings for which the Building Official has determined that service water heating from on-site solar energy or recovered energy is economically or physically infeasible. Applicant is responsible for demonstrating requirement infeasibility when applying for an exemption. B. Section 140.5 of the California Energy Code is amended to read as follows: SECTION 140.5 PRESCRIPTIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR SERVICE WATER HEATING SYSTEMS (a) Nonresidential occupancies. A service water-heating system installed in a nonresidential building shall comply with the applicable requirements of Sections 110.1, 110.3, 120.3, and 120.11. In addition, a service water-heating system shall meet the requirements of 1, 2, or 3 below: 1. A heat pump water heater. The storage tank shall be located in a conditioned space. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 10 of 74 EXHIBIT 1 2. An electric resistance water heater. 3. A solar water-heating system with a minimum solar savings fraction of 0.40. Solar water-heating systems and collectors shall be certified and rated by the Solar Rating and Certification Corporation (SRCC), the International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials, Research and Testing {IAPMO R& T), or by a listing agency that is approved by the Executive Director. (b) High-rise residential and Hotel/Motel occupancies. A service water heating system installed in a high-rise residential or hotel/motel building shall meet the requirements of either 1, 2, or 3. For recirculation distribution systems serving individual dwelling units, only Demand Recirculation Systems with manual on/off control as specified in the Reference Appendix RA4.4.9 shall be used: 1. For systems serving individual dwelling units, the water heating system shall meet the requirement of either A, B, or C: A. A single heat pump water heater. The storage tank shall be located in the garage or conditioned space. In addition, one of the following: i. A compact hot water distribution system; or ii. A photovoltaic system of 0.3 kWdc larger than the requirement specified in Section 120.10. B. A single heat pump water heater that meets the requirements of NEEA Advanced Water Heater Specification Tier 3 or higher. The storage tank shall be located in the garage or conditioned space. C. A solar water-heating system meeting the installation criteria specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA4 and either a minimum solar savings fraction of 0.60 or a minimum 40 square feet of collectors. 2. For systems serving multiple dwelling units, a central water-heating system that includes t~e following components shall be installed: A. Gas or propane water heating system; and B. A recirculation system that meets the requirements of Sections 110.3(c)2 and 110.3{c)5, includes two or more separate recirculation loops serving separate dwelling units, and is capable of automatically controlling the recirculation pump operation based on measurement of hot water demand and hot water return temperature; and EXCEPTION to Section 140.S(b}2B: Buildings with eight or fewer dwelling units may use a single recirculation loop. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 11 of 74 EXHIBIT 1 C. A solar water-heating system meeting the installation criteria specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA4 and with a minimum solar savings fraction of either a or b below: i. A minimum solar savings fraction of 0.60 or a minimum of 40 square feet of collectors; or ii. A minimum solar savings fraction of 0.40. In addition, a drain water heat recovery system shall be installed. 3. A water-heating system serving multiple dwelling units determined by the Executive Director to use no more energy than the one specified in subsection B above. 8. Section 18.30.190 is added to read as follows: 18.30.190 California Energy Code Section Subchapter 9 amended -Energy efficiency in existing residential buildings. Section 150.2 of the California Energy Code is amended to add paragraph (d) as follows: (d) All additions and alterations of residential buildings with a building permit valuation of $60,000 or higher shall include one of the following energy efficiency measures: 1. Additions and alterations of single family residential buildings built before 1978 shall include one of the following: A. Duct sealing pursuant to 2016 Title 24 Section 150.2(b)1E without verification by a Home Energy Rating System (HERS) rater. All exceptions as stated in 2016 Title 24 Section 150.2(b)1E are allowed. Projects that require duct sealing as part of an HVAC alteration or replacement must meet all of the requirements of Title 24, Part 6, including HERS rater verification. B. Attic insulation with a minimum of R-38 rating. Buildings without vented attic spaces and buildings with existing attic insulation levels greater than R-5 are exempt from this attic insulation energy efficiency measure. C. Cool roof with an aged solar reflectance of greater than or equal to 0.25 and a thermal emittance of greater than or equal to 0.75. All exceptions as stated in 2016 Title 24 Section 150.2(b)1Hi for steep slope roofs and 150.2(b)1Hii for low slope roofs are allowed. Only areas of roof that are to be re-roofed subject to the cool roof upgrade. Projects that are not February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 12 of 74 EXHIBIT 1 installing a new roof as part of the scope are exempt from this cool roof energy efficiency measure. 2. Additions and alterations of single family residential buildings built in 1978 or after shall include one of the following: A. A lighting package consisting of: i. replacement all interior and exterior screw-in (A-base) incandescent and halogen lamps with screw-in LED lamps; and, ii. installation of manual-on automatic-off vacancy sensors that meet Title 24 Section 110.9(b)4C in all bathrooms, bedrooms, offices, laundry rooms, utility rooms, and garages. Spaces which already include vacancy sensors, motions sensors, or dimmers do not need to install new Title 24 Section 110.9(b)4C sensors. B. A water heating package consisting of: i. addition of exterior insulation meeting a minimum of R-6 to storage water heaters 20 gallons are larger in size, except if insulation installation would void the water heater warranty; and, ii. insulation of all accessible hot water pipes with pipe insulation a minimum of 0.75 inches in thickness. This includes insulating the supply pipe leaving the water heater, piping to faucets underneath sinks, and accessible pipes in attic spaces and crawlspaces; and, I iii. upgrading of fitting in sinks and showers to meet current CALGreen (Title 24, Part 11 of the California Building Code) standards, except for fixtures with rated flow rates no more than 10 percent greater than current CALGreen standards. 3. Additions and alterations of multi-family residential buildings built before 1978 shall include attic insulation with a minimum of R-38 rating. Buildings without vented attic spaces and buildings with existing attic insulation levels greater than R-5 are exempt from this attic insulation energy efficiency measure. 4. Additions and alterations of multi-family residential buildings built between 1978 and 1990 shall include one of the following: A. Duct sealing pursuant to 2016 Title 24 Section 150.2(b)1E without verification by a HERS rater. All exceptions as stated in 2016 Title 24 Section 150.2(b)1E are allowed. Projects that require duct sealing as part of an HVAC alteration or replacement must meet all of the requirements of Title 24, Part 6, including HERS rater verification. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 13 of 74 EXHIBIT 1 B. Attic insulation with a minimum of R-38 rating. Buildings without vented attic spaces and buildings with existing attic insulation levels greater than R-5 are exempt from this attic insulation energy efficiency measure. C. Cool roof with an aged solar reflectance of greater than or equal to 0.25 and a thermal emittance of greater than or equal to 0.75. All exceptions as stated in 2016 Title 24 Section 150.2(b)1Hi for steep slope roofs and 150.2(b)1Hii for low slope roofs are allowed. Only areas of roof that are to be re-roofed are subject to the cool roof upgrade. Projects that are not installing a new roof as part of the scope are exempt from this cool roof energy efficiency measure. 5. Additions and alterations of multi-family residential buildings built after 1991 shall include one of the following: A. A lighting package consisting of: i. replacement all interior and exterior screw-in (A-base) incandescent and halogen lamps with screw-in LED lamps; and, ii. installation of manual-on automatic-off vacancy sensors that meet Title 24 Section 110.9(b)4C in all bathrooms, bedrooms, offices, laundry rooms, utility rooms, and garages. Spaces which already include vacancy sensors, motions sensors, or dimmers do not need to install new Title 24 Section 110.9(b)4C sensors. B. A water heating package consisting of: i. addition of exterior insulation meeting a minimum of R-6 to storage water heaters 20 gallons are larger in size, except for buildings with central water heating systems or if insulation installation would void the water heater warranty; and, ii. insulation of all accessible hot water pipes with pipe insulation a minimum of 0.75 inches in thickness. This includes insulating the supply pipe leaving the water heater, piping to faucets underneath sinks, and accessible pipes in attic spaces and crawlspaces; and, iii. upgrading of fittings in sinks and showers to meet current CALGreen standards, except for fixtures with rated flow rates no more than ten percent greater than current CALGreen standards. Note: To the extent the provisions of Section 150.2(d) conflict with other provisions of the California Energy Code, then the most energy conserving provisions shall supersede and control. Exception to Section 150.2(d): The requirement for inclusion of energy February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 14 of 74 EXHIBIT 1 efficiency measures does not apply to residential buildings that receive a rating of seven (7) or higher on the U.S. Department of Energy's Home Energy Score rating system based upon an assessment by a Home Energy Score Certified Assessor, to the satisfaction of the Building Official. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 15 of 74 EXHIBIT 1 EFFECTIVE DATE: This ordinance shall be effective upon approval by the California Energy Commission; and the City Clerk shall certify the adoption of this ordinance and cause the full text of the ordinance or a summary of the ordinance prepared by the City Attorney to be published at least once in a newspaper of general circulation in the City of Carlsbad within fifteen days after its adoption. INTRODUCED AND FIRST READ at a Regular Meeting of the Carlsbad City Council on the 26th day of February 2019, and thereafter PASSED, APPROVED AND ADOPTED at a Regular Meeting of the City Council of the City of Carlsbad on the_ day of ___ _, 2019, by the following vote, to wit: AYES: NOES: ABSENT: APPROVED AS TO FORM AND LEGALITY: CELIA A. BREWER, City Attorney MATT HALL, Mayor BARBARA ENGLESON, City Clerk (SEAL) t February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 16 of 74 Attachment "A" to Ordinance No. CS-347 FINDINGS FOR LOCAL AMENDMENTS TO 2016 CALIFORNIA GREEN BUILDING STANDARDS CODE 2016 CALIFORNIA ENERGY CODE California Health and Safety Code Section 17958 provides that the city may make changes to the provisions in the uniform codes that are published in the California Building Standards Code. Health and Safety Code Sections 17958.5, 17958.7 and 18941.5 require that for each proposed local change to those provisions in the uniform codes and published in the California Building Standards Code which regulate buildings used for human habitation, the city council must make findings supporting its determination that each such local change is reasonably necessary because of local climatic, geological, or topographical conditions. Furthermore, California Green Building Standards Code Section 101.7.1 provides that local climatic, geological or topographical conditions include environmental conditions established by a city, county, or city and county. California Green Building Standards Code Section Title Add Amend Justification Appendix AS, Energy efficiency ✓ ✓ C, T, E Division 5.2 AS.203.1.1.2 Service water heating in restaurants ✓ C, T,E AS.211 On-site renewable energy ✓ C, T, E California Energy Code Section Title Add Amend Justification 100.l(b) Definitions ✓ C, T, E 120.10 Nonresidential photovoltaic system required ✓ C, T,E 120.11 Nonresidential mandatory requirements for ✓ C, T, E service water heating systems 140.5 Prescriptive requirements for service water ✓ C, T, E heating systems 150.2(d) Energy efficiency in existing residential ✓ C, T, E buildings Key to Justification for Amendments to Title 24 of the California Code of Regulations C This amendment is justified on the basis of a local climatic condition. Carlsbad has many brush-covered hillsides and protected natural open space areas adjacent to developed areas. Though relatively moderate compared to inland portions of the region, the seasonal climatic conditions during the late summer and fall in Carlsbad are characterized by frequent Santa Ana weather patterns. Santa Ana conditions are dry, hot, strong and gusty winds that produce February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 17 of 74 Attachment "A" to Ordinance No. CS-347 extreme dryness and some of the highest winds in San Diego County, have fanned the region's most catastrophic wildfires and can impact public health in the populated coastal zone by the extreme heat and occasional smoke.1 Carlsbad has experienced larger increases in annual temperature than other parts of the state. Compared to the first six decades of the 20th century, annual temperatures have increased by more than 1 °F in many parts of the state, with some areas (including the San Diego region) exceeding 2°F.2 This heating is expected to continue well into the future, with estimates ranging between 4-6°F and 7-9°F by the end of the century.3 T This amendment is justified on the basis of a local topographical condition. Carlsbad has six and a half miles of beaches, three lagoons, several creeks and other low-lying areas prone to flooding. The San Diego Multi-jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Plan ranks coastal storm, erosion and flooding among the top five hazards for Carlsbad, with potential property loss exposure approaching $200 million dollars.4 There is broad scientific consensus that the earth will continue to warm and that sea levels will rise as a result of thermal expansion of the oceans and increased contributions from melting glaciers. By the end of the century, sea level could rise by 1.7 to 6.6 feet, inundating beaches and impacting miles of roads and public accesses, the state campgrounds, hundreds of properties, and more than 1,000 acres of environmentally sensitive lands in Carlsbad.5 E This amendment is justified on the basis of local environmental conditions. Sustainability is a core value of the Community Vision, and an intrinsic part of the Carlsbad General Plan. Energy efficiency enhances the public health and welfare by promoting the environmental and economic health of the city through incorporating green practices into the design, construction, maintenance and operation of new and existing buildings. Installation of renewable energy systems to provide a building's energy and water heating needs enhances the public health and welfare by reducing air pollution and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that come from fossil fuel combustion. The amendments to the California Green Building Standards Code and Energy Code are reasonably necessary to achieve the following goals of the General Plan Sustainability Element and Carlsbad Climate Action Plan: • Promote energy efficiency and conservation in the community; • Pursue the use of sustainable energy sources; • Reduce the community's greenhouse gas emissions and foster green development patterns; • Maintain a long-term balance among environmental, social and economic concerns, to 1 Kalansky, Julie, Dan Cayan, Kate Barba, Laura Walsh, Kimberly Brouwer, Dani Boudreau. (University of California, San Diego). 2018. San Diego Summary Report. California's Fourth Climate Change Assessment, p.27. 2 Bedsworth, Louise, Dan Cayan, Guido Franco, Leah Fisher, Sonya Ziaja. (California Governor's Office of Planning and Research, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, California Energy Commission, California Public Utilities Commission). 2018. Statewide Summary Report. California's Fourth Climate Change Assessment, p. 22. 3 San Diego Summary Report, p. 19. 4 2017 San Diego Multi-jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Plan, Table 5.3-1. 5 City of Carlsbad. December 2017. Sea Level Rise Vulnerability Assessment, Table 7, p. 44. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 18 of 74 Attachment "A" to Ordinance No. CS-347 ensure a vibrant, healthy and prosperous community. The above-listed conditions within the city pose local hazards for which amendments to the California Green Building Standards Code and California Energy Code are required. Human activities that release heat-trapping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere (such as through fossil fuel combustion) are the primary driver of climate change.6 Failure to address and significantly reduce GHG emissions could result in increased extreme heat events, dry weather conditions and risk of wildfire. Rises in sea level, including in the city's lagoons, could put at risk Carlsbad homes and businesses, public facilities, pub Ii c roads (especially Carlsbad Boulevard) and accessways. According to the Carlsbad Climate Action Plan, community-wide GHG emissions need to be reduced 49 percent by 2035 to help achieve statewide reduction targets necessary to reduce impacts from climate change. Residential land uses account for 25 percent of the community's GHG emissions, while commercial and industrial uses are responsible for about 32 percent. Implementation of energy efficiency, photovoltaic energy and alternative water heating systems in new and existing residential and nonresidential buildings will significantly reduce emissions from these uses. 6 U.S. Global Research Program. Fourth National Climate Change Assessment, https:Uwww.globalchange.gov/climate- change. Accessed on 12/28/18. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 19 of 74 ORDINANCE NO. CS-348 AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF CARLSBAD, CALIFORNIA, AMENDING CARLSBAD MUNICIPAL CODE CHAPTER 18.30 REGARDING REQUIREMENTS FOR WATER HEATING SYSTEMS IN NEW RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS. PROJECT NAME: CLIMATE ACTION PLAN ORDINANCES PROJECT NUMBER: MCA 17-0002 (PUB17Y-0013) EXHIBIT 2 WHEREAS, on September 22, 2015, the City Council of the City of Carlsbad approved Resolution No. 2015-244, approving the Climate Action Plan (CAP) which aims to reduce communitywide greenhouse gas emissions (GHG); and WHEREAS, in connection with approval of the CAP, the City Council certified a program environmental impact report (EIR 13-02) in compliance with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), which evaluated the potential environmental effects of CAP implementation, including adoption and enforcement of various ordinances and programs intended to reduce GHG; and WHEREAS, this ordinance fulfills a CAP requirement to address alternative water heating systems for new residential buildings (CAP measure J-2); and WHEREAS, the City Planner has determined that: 1) adoption of this ordinance is a subsequent activity of the CAP for which program EIR 13-02 was prepared; 2) a notice for the activity has been given, which includes statements that this activity is within the scope of the program approved earlier, and that program EIR 13-02 adequately describes the activity for the purposes of CEQA Section 15168(c)(2) and (e); 3) the project has no new significant environmental effect not analyzed as significant in the prior EIR 13-02; and 4) none of the circumstances requiring a subsequent or a supplemental EIR under CEQA Guidelines Sections 15162 or 15163 exist; and WHEREAS, CAP actions to reduce GHG require adoption of ordinances addressing alternative water heating systems for new residential buildings; and WHEREAS, California Health and Safety Code section 17958 requires that cities adopt building regulations that are substantially the same as those adopted by the California Building Standards Commission and contained in the California Building Standards; and WHEREAS, the California Energy Code is a part of the California Building Standards which implements minimum energy efficiency standards in buildings through mandatory requirements, prescriptive standards, and performances standards; and, February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 20 of 74 EXHIBIT 2 WHEREAS. California Health and Safety Code Sections 17958.5, 17958.7 and 18941.5 provide that the City may make changes or modifications to the building standards contained in the California Building Standards, including the California Energy Code, based upon express findings that such changes or modifications are reasonably necessary because of local climatic, geological or topographical conditions; and WHEREAS, California Green Building Standards Code Section 101.7.1 provides that local climatic, geological or topographical conditions include environmental conditions established by a city, county, or city and county; and WHEREAS, the City Council of the City of Carlsbad finds that each ofthe amendments, additions and deletions to the California Energy Code contained in this ordinance are reasonably necessary because of local climatic, geological or topographical conditions described in Attachment A to this ordinance; and WHEREAS, Public Resources Code Section 25402.l{h)2 and Section 10-106 of the Building Energy Efficiency Standards (Standards) establish a process which allows local adoption of energy standards that are more stringent than the statewide Standards, provided that such local standards are cost effective and the California Energy Commission finds that the standards will require buildings to be designed to consume no more energy than permitted by the California Energy Code; and WHEREAS, the City of Carlsbad ha~ performed cost effectiveness analyses as required by the California Energy Commission for the local amendments to the California Energy Code contained in this ordinance; and WHEREAS, based upon these analyses, the City Council of the City of Carlsbad finds that the local amendments to the California Energy Code contained in this ordinance are cost effective and will require buildings to be designed to consume no more energy than permitted by the California Energy Code. NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED by the City Council of the City of Carlsbad, California, ordains as follows that: 1. The above recitations are true and correct. 2. Chapter 18.30 List of Sections is amended to add a reference to a new section as follows: 18.30.170 California Energy Code Subchapters 7 and 8 amended -Residential water heating requirements. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 21 of 74 EXHIBIT 2 3. Section 18.30.170 is added to read as follows: 18.30.170 California Energy Code Subchapters 7 and 8 amended -Residential water heating requirements. A. Section 150.0(n) of the California Energy Code is amended to read as follows: SECTION 150.0 MANDATORY FEATURES AND DEVICES (n) Water Heating System. 1. Systems using gas or propane water heaters to serve individual dwelling units shall include the following components: A. A dedicated 125 volt, 20 amp electrical receptacle that is connected to the electric panel with a 120/240 volt 3 conductor, 10 AWG copper branch circuit within 3 feet from the water heater and accessible to the water heater with no obstructions. In addition, all of the following: i. Both ends of the unused conductor shall be labeled with the word "spare" and be electrically isolated; and ii. A reserved single pole circuit breaker space in the electrical panel adjacent to the circuit breaker for the branch circuit in A above and labeled with the words "Future 240V Use"; and B. A Category Ill or IV vent, or a Type B vent with straight pipe between the outside termination and the space where the water heater is installed; and C. A condensate drain that is no more than 2 inches higher than the base of the installed water heater, and allows natural draining without pump assistance, and D. A gas supply line with a capacity of at least 200,000 Btu/hr. 2. Water heating recirculation loops serving multiple dwelling units shall meet the requirements of Section 110.3(c)S. 3. Solar water-heating systems and collectors shall be certified and rated by the Solar Rating and Certification Corporation (SRCC), the International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials, Research and Testing (IAPMO R& T), or by a listing agency that is approved by the Executive Director. 4. Instantaneous water heaters with an input rating greater than 6.8 kBTU/hr February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 22 of 74 EXHIBIT 2 (2kW) shall meet the requirements of Section 110.3(c)7. 5. Any newly constructed residential building shall derive its service water heating from a system that provides at least 60 percent of the energy needed for service water heating from on-site solar energy or recovered energy. Solar energy includes solar photovoltaics and solar-water heating systems. EXCEPTION to Section 150.0(n)S: Buildings for which the Building Official has determined that service water heating from on-site solar energy or recovered energy is economically or physically infeasible. Applicant is responsible for demonstrating requirement infeasibility when applying for an exemption B. Section 150.l(c)8 ofthe California Energy Code is amended to read as follows: SECTION 150.1 PERFORMANCE AND PRESCRIPTIVE COMPLIANCE APPROACHES FOR LOW-RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS 8. Domestic Water-Heating Systems. Water-heating systems shall meet the requirements of either A, B, or C. For recirculation distribution systems serving individual dwelling units, only Demand Recirculation Systems with manual on/off control as specified in the Reference Appendix RA4.4.9 shall be used: A. For systems serving individual dwelling units, the water heating system shall meet the requirement of either i, ii, or iii: i. A single heat pump water heater. The storage tank shall be located in the garage or conditioned space. In addition, one of the following: a. A compact hot water distribution system as specified in the Reference Appendix RA4.4.6 and a drain water heat recovery system that is field verified as specified in the Reference Appendix RA3.6.9; or b. A photovoltaic system capacity of 0.3 kWdc larger than the requirement specified in Section 150.l(c)14. ii. A single heat pump water heater that meets the requirements of NEEA Advanced Water Heater Specification Tier 3 or higher. The storage tank shall be located in the garage or conditioned space. iii. A solar water-heating system meeting the installation criteria specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA4 and either a minimum solar savings fraction of 0.60 or a minimum 40 square feet of collectors. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 23 of 74 EXHIBIT 2 B. For systems serving multiple dwelling units, a central water-heating system that includes the following components shall be installed: i. Gas or propane water heating system; and ii. A recirculation system that meets the requirements of Sections 110.3{c)2 and 110.3(c)S, includes two or more separate recirculation loops serving separate dwelling units, and is capable of automatically controlling the recirculation pump operation based on measurement of hot water demand and hot water return temperature; and EXCEPTION to Section 150.l(c)SBii: Buildings with eight or fewer dwelling units may use a single recirculation loop. iii. A solar water-heating system meeting the installation criteria specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA4 and with a minimum solar savings fraction of either a orb below: a. A minimum solar savings fraction of 0.60 or a minimum of 40 square feet of collectors; or b. A minimum solar savings fraction of 0.40. In addition, a drain water heat recovery system that is field verified as specified in the Reference Appendix RA3.6.9. C. A water-heating system serving multiple dwelling units determined by the Executive Director to use no more energy than the one specified in subsection B above. EFFECTIVE DATE: This ordinance shall be effective upon approval by the California Energy Commission and no earlier than the effective date of the 2019 California Energy Code, which is January 1, 2020; and the City Clerk shall certify the adoption of this ordinance and cause the full text of the ordinance or a summary of the ordinance prepared by the City Attorney to be published at least once in a newspaper of general circulation in the City of Carlsbad within fifteen days after its adoption. INTRODUCED AND FIRST READ at a Regular Meeting ofthe Carlsbad City Council on the 26th day of February 2019, and thereafter PASSED, APPROVED AND ADOPTED at a Regular Meeting of the City Council of the City of Carlsbad on the_ day of ___ _, 2019, by the following vote, to wit: AYES: NOES: February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 24 of 74 ABSENT: APPROVED AS TO FORM AND LEGALITY: CELIA A. BREWER, City Attorney MATT HALL, Mayor BARBARA ENGLESON, City Clerk (SEAL) EXHIBIT 2 February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 25 of 74 Attachment "A" to Ordinance No. CS-348 FINDINGS FOR LOCAL AMENDMENTS TO 2019 CALIFORNIA ENERGY CODE California Health and Safety Code Section 17958 provides that the city may make changes to the provisions in the uniform codes that are published in the California Building Standards Code. Health and Safety Code Sections 17958.5, 17958.7 and 18941.5 require that for each proposed local change to those provisions in the uniform codes and published in the California Building Standards Code which regulate buildings used for human habitation, the city council must make findings supporting its determination that each such local change is reasonably necessary because of local climatic, geological, or topographical conditions. Furthermore, California Green Building Standards Code Section 101.7.1 provides that local climatic, geological or topographical conditions include environmental conditions established by a city, county, or city and county. California Energy Code Section Title Add Amend Justification 150.0(n)* Mandatory features and devices -water ✓ C, T, E heating systems Performance and prescriptive compliance 150.l(c)8* approaches for low-rise residential buildings -✓ C, T, E domestic water heating systems *Amends 2019 California Energy Code Key to Justification for Amendments to Title 24 of the California Code of Regulations C This amendment is justified on the basis of a local climatic condition. Carlsbad has many brush-covered hillsides and protected natural open space areas adjacent to developed areas. Though relatively moderate compared to inland portions of the region, the seasonal climatic conditions during the late summer and fall in Carlsbad are characterized by frequent Santa Ana weather patterns. Santa Ana conditions are dry, hot, strong and gusty winds that produce extreme dryness and some of the highest winds in San Diego County, have fanned the region's most catastrophic wildfires and can impact public health in the populated coastal zone by the extreme heat and occasional smoke.1 Carlsbad has experienced larger increases in annual temperature than other parts of the state. Compared to the first six decades of the 20th century, annual temperatures have increased by more than 1 °Fin many parts of the state, with some areas (including the San Diego region) exceeding 2°F.2 This heating is expected to continue well into the future, with estimates 1 Kalansky, Julie, Dan Cayan, Kate Barba, Laura Walsh, Kimberly Brouwer, Dani Boudreau. (University of California, San Diego). 2018. San Diego Summary Report. California's Fourth Climate Change Assessment, p.27. 2 Bedsworth, Louise, Dan Cayan, Guido Franco, Leah Fisher, Sonya Ziaja. (California Governor's Office of Planning and Research, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, California Energy Commission, California Public Utilities Commission). 2018. Statewide Summary Report. California's Fourth Climate Change Assessment, p. 22. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 26 of 74 Attachment "A" to Ordinance No. CS-348 ranging between 4-6°F and 7-9°F by the end of the century.3 T This amendment is justified on the basis of a local topographical condition. Carlsbad has six and a half miles of beaches, three lagoons, several creeks and other low-lying areas prone to flooding. The San Diego Multi-jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Plan ranks coastal storm, erosion and flooding among the top five hazards for Carlsbad, with potential property loss exposure approaching $200 million dollars.4 There is broad scientific consensus that the earth will continue to warm and that sea levels will rise as a result of thermal expansion of the oceans and increased contributions from melting glaciers. By the end of the century, sea level could rise by 1.7 to 6.6 feet, inundating beaches and impacting miles of roads and public accesses, the state campgrounds, hundreds of properties, and more than 1,000 acres of environmentally sensitive lands in Carlsbad. 5 E This amendment is justified on the basis of local environmental conditions. Sustainability is a core value of the Community Vision, and an intrinsic part of the Carlsbad General Plan. Energy efficiency enhances the public health and welfare by promoting the environmental and economic health of the city through incorporating green practices into the design, construction,maintenance and operation of new and existing buildings. Installation of renewable energy systems to provide a building's energy and water heating needs enhances the public health and welfare by reducing air pollution and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that come from fossil fuel combustion. The amendments to the Energy Code are reasonably necessary to achieve the following goals of the General Plan Sustainability Element and Carlsbad Climate Action Plan: • Promote energy efficiency and conservation in the community; • Pursue the use of sustainable energy sources; • Reduce the community's greenhouse gas emissions and foster green development patterns; • Maintain a long-term balance among environmental, social and economic concerns, to ensure a vibrant, healthy and prosperous community. The above-listed conditions within the city pose local hazards for which amendments to the California Energy Code are required. Human activities that release heat-trapping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere (such as through fossil fuel combustion) are the primary driver of climate change.6 Failure to address and significantly reduce GHG emissions could result in increased extreme heat events, dry weather conditions and risk of wildfire. Rises in sea level, including in the city's lagoons, could put at risk Carlsbad homes and businesses, public facilities, pub Ii c roads (especially Carlsbad Boulevard) and accessways. According to the Carlsbad Climate Action Plan, community-wide GHG emissions need to be reduced 49 percent by 2035 to help achieve statewide reduction targets necessary to reduce impacts from 3 San Diego Summary Report, p. 19. 4 2017 San Diego Multi-jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Plan, Table 5.3-1. 5 City of Carlsbad. December 2017. Sea Level Rise Vulnerability Assessment, Table 7, p. 44. 6 U.S. Global Research Prngram. Fourth National Climate Change Assessment, https://www.globalchange.gov/climate- change. Accessed on 12/28/18. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 27 of 74 Attachment "A" to Ordinance No. CS-348 climate change. Residential land uses account for 25 percent ofthe community's GHG emissions, while commercial and industrial uses are responsible for about 32 percent. Implementation of alternative water heating systems in new and existing residential buildings will significantly reduce emissions from these uses. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 28 of 74 ORDINANCE NO. CS-349 AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF CARLSBAD, CALIFORNIA, AMENDING CARLSBAD MUNICIPAL CODE CHAPTER 18.21 REGARDING REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE FOR NEW AND EXISTING RESIDENTIAL BUILDING SITES AND NEW NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING SITES. PROJECT NAME: CLIMATE ACTION PLAN ORDINANCES PROJECT NUMBER: MCA 17-0002 (PUB17Y-0013) EXHIBIT 3 WHEREAS, on September 22, 2015, the City Council of the City of Carlsbad approved Resolution No. 2015-244, approving the Climate Action Plan (CAP) which aims to reduce communitywide greenhouse gas emissions (GHG); and WHEREAS, in connection with approval of the CAP, the City Council certified a program environmental impact report (EIR 13-02} in compliance with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), which evaluated the potential environmental effects of CAP implementation, including adoption and enforcement of various ordinances and programs intended to reduce GHG; and WHEREAS, this ordinance fulfills a CAP requirement to address electric vehicle charging infrastructure measures for new and existing residential building sites and new nonresidential building sites (CAP measure L-5 and L-6); and WHEREAS, the City Planner has determined that: 1) adoption of this ordinance is a subsequent activity of the CAP for which program EIR 13-02 was prepared; 2) a notice for the activity has been given, which includes statements that this activity is within the scope of the program approved earlier, and that program EIR 13-02 adequately describes the activity for the purposes of CEQA Section 15168(c)(2) and (e); 3) the project has no new significant environmental effect not analyzed as significant in the prior EIR 13-02; and 4) none of the circumstances requiring a subsequent or a supplemental EIR under CEQA Guidelines Sections 15162 or 15163 exist; and WHEREAS, CAP actions to reduce GHG require adoption of ordinances addressing alternative water heating systems for new residential buildings; and WHEREAS, California Health and Safety Code section 17958 requires that cities adopt building regulations that are substantially the same as those adopted by the California Building Standards Commission and contained in the California Building Standards; and February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 29 of 74 EXHIBIT 3 WHEREAS, the California Green Building Standards Code is a part of the California Building Standards which contains mandatory green building provisions, including residential and nonresidential site planning and design requirements for electric vehicle charging; and, WHEREAS. California Health and Safety Code Sections 17958.5, 17958.7 and 18941.5 provide that the City may make changes or modifications to the building standards contained in the California Building Standards based upon express findings that such changes or modifications are reasonably necessary because of local climatic, geological or topographical conditions; and WHEREAS, California Green Building Standards Code Section 101.7.1 provides that local climatic, geological or topographical conditions include environmental conditions established by a city, county, or city and county; and WHEREAS, the City Council of the City of Carlsbad finds that each ofthe amendments, additions and deletions to the California Green Building Standards Code contained in this ordinance are reasonably necessary because of local climatic, geological or topographical conditions described in Attachment A to this ordinance; and WHEREAS, the City of Carlsbad has performed a cost analysis which showed that installing electric vehicle charging infrastructure at the time of new construction or major renovation is cost effective when compared to a later retrofit. NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED by the City Council of the City of Carlsbad, California, ordains as follows that: 1. The above recitations are true and correct. 2. Chapter 18.21 List of Sections is amended to add references to new sections as follows: 18.21.120 18.21.140 18.21.150 California Green Building Standards Code Chapter 2 amended - Definitions California Green Building Standards Code Chapter 4 amended - Residential electric vehicle charging California Green Building Standards Code Chapter 5 amended - Nonresidential electric vehicle charging 3. Section 18.21.010 is amended to read as follows: 18.21.010 Adoption. The 2016 California Green Building Standards Code copyrighted by the California Building Standards Commission, together with those amendments, exceptions, February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 30 of 74 EXHIBIT 3 additions and deletions incorporated into this chapter, is adopted by reference as the Green Building Standards Code of the City of Carlsbad. 4. Section 18.21.120 is added to read as follows: 18.21.120 Definitions. California Green Building Standards Code Chapter 2 amended - Section 202 of the California Green Building Standards Code is amended to add the following definitions: EVSE CAPABLE. An electric vehicle charging space (EV space) installed with a listed raceway capable of accommodating a 208/240-volt dedicated branch circuit. The raceway shall not be less than trade size 1 (nominal 1-inch inside diameter). The raceway shall originate at the main service or subpanel and shall terminate into a listed cabinet, box or enclosure in close proximity to the proposed location of the EV spaces. Construction documents shall identify the raceway termination point. The service panel and/or subpanel shall provide capacity to install a 40-ampere minimum dedicated branch circuit and space(s) reserved to permit installation of a branch circuit overcurrent protective device. EVSE INSTALLED. An electric vehicle charging space (EV space) installed with a dedicated 208/240-volt branch circuit, including a listed raceway, electrical panel capacity, overcurrent protective device, wire, and receptacle. Receptacle shall be equipped with electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE). The raceway shall not be less than trade size 1 (nominal 1-inch inside diameter) and is required to be continuous at enclosed, inaccessible or concealed areas and spaces. The branch circuit and associated overcurrent protective device shall be rated at 40 amperes minimum. Other electrical components, including receptacle and EVSE, related to this section shall be installed in accordance with the California Electrical Code. EVSE READY. An electric vehicle charging space (EV space) installed with a dedicated 208/240-volt branch circuit, including a listed raceway, electrical panel capacity, overcurrent protective device, wire, and termination point such as a receptacle or blank cover. The raceway shall not be less than trade size 1 (nominal 1-inch inside diameter) and is required to be continuous at enclosed, inaccessible or concealed areas and spaces. The termination point shall be in close proximity to the proposed location of an EV charger. The branch circuit and associated overcurrent protective device shall be rated at 40 amperes minimum. Other electrical components, including a receptacle or blank cover, related to this section shall be installed in accordance with the California Electrical Code. MAJOR RESIDENTIAL RENOVATIONS. Alterations and additions to existing residential structures and construction sites where: (A) for one and two family dwellings and townhouses with attached private garages, alterations have a building permit valuation equal to or greater than $60,000 or include an electrical service panel upgrade; or (B) for multifamily dwellings (three dwelling units or more), alterations February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 31 of 74 EXHIBIT 3 have a building permit valuation equal to or greater than $200,000, interior finishes are removed and significant site work and upgrades to structural and mechanical, electrical, and/or plumbing systems are proposed. Significant site work as used herein means site alterations that: require a grading permit pursuant to Carlsbad Municipal Code Chapter 15.16; rehabilitate or install 2,500 square feet or more of landscaping; or repave, replace or add 2,500 square feet or more of vehicle parking and drive area. 5. Chapter 18.21.140 is added to read as follows: 18.21.140 California Green Building Standards Code Chapter 4 amended - Residential electric vehicle charging. A. Section 4.102 of the California Green Building Standards Code is amended to read as follows: SECTION 4.102 DEFINITIONS 4.102.1 Definitions. The following terms are defined in Chapter 2. EVSE CAPABLE. EVSE INSTALLED. EVSE READY. FRENCH DRAIN. MAJOR RESIDENTIAL RENOVATIONS. WATTLES. B. Section 4.106.4 of the California Green Building Standards Code is amended to read as follows: 4.106.4 Electric vehicle (EV) charging for new construction and major residential renovations. New construction and major residential renovations shall comply with Sections 4.106.4.1, 4.106.4.2, or 4.106.4.3, to facilitate installation and use of EV chargers. Electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) shall be installed in accordance with the California Electrical Code, Article 625. Exceptions: 1. On a case-by-case basis, where the local enforcing agency has determined EV charging and infrastructure are not feasible based upon one or more of the following conditions: 1.1 Where there is no commercial power supply. 1.2 Where there is evidence substantiating that meeting the requirements will alter the local utility infrastructure design requirements on the utility side of the meter so as to increase the February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 32 of 74 EXHIBIT 3 utility side cost to the homeowner or the developer by more than $400.00 per parking space. 2. Accessory Dwelling Units (ADU) and Junior Accessory Dwelling Units (JADU) without additional parking facilities. 3. Where major residential renovations for one and two-family dwellings, and townhouses with attached private garages, do not include an electrical service panel upgrade, the requirements of Section 4.106.4.1 shall apply to the maximum extent that does not require an electrical service panel upgrade. 4. In major residential renovations, where there is evidence substantiating that meeting the requirements of this section presents an unreasonable hardship or is technically infeasible, the Building Official may consider an appeal from the project sponsor to reduce the number of EV spaces required or provide for EV charging elsewhere. 4.106.4.1 New one-and two-family dwellings and townhouses with attached private garages and major residential renovations. For each dwelling unit, install one EVSE Ready space. 4.106.4.1.1 Identification. The service panel or subpanel circuit directory shall identify the overcurrent protective device designated for future EV charging purposes as "EV READY" in accordance with the California Electrical Code. The receptacle or blank cover shall be identified as "EV READY". 4.106.4.2 New multifamily dwellings and major residential renovations. If residential parking is available, ten (10) percent of the total number of parking spaces on a building site provided_for all types of parking facilities shall be electric vehicle charging spaces (EV spaces) capable of supporting installed and future EVSE. Calculations for the required number of EV spaces and EVSE Installed spaces shall be rounded up to the nearest whole number. Note: Construction documents are intended to demonstrate the project's capability and capacity for facilitating future EV charging. Except for EVSE Installed spaces, there is no requirement for EV spaces to be constructed or available until EV chargers are installed for use. 4.106.4.2.1 Electric vehicle charging space (EV space) locations. Construction documents shall indicate the location of proposed EV spaces. Where common use parking is provided at least one EVSE Installed space shall be located in the common use parking area and shall be available for use by all residents. 4.106.4.2.1.1 Electric vehicle charging stations (EVCS}. When EV chargers are installed, EV spaces required by Section 4.106.4.2.2, Item 3, February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 33 of 74 EXHIBIT 3 shall comply with at least one of the following options: 1. The EV space shall be located adjacent to an accessible parking space meeting the requirements of the California Building Code, Chapter 11A, to allow use of the EV charger from the accessible parking space. 2. The EV space shall be located on an accessible route, as defined in the California Building Code, Chapter 2, to the building. Exception: Electric vehicle charging stations designed and constructed in compliance with the California Building Code, Chapter 11B, are not required to comply with Section 4.106.4.2.1.1 and Section 4.106.4.2.2, Item 3. 4.106.4.2.2 Electric vehicle charging space (EV space) dimensions. The EV spaces shall be designed to comply with the following: 1. The minimum length of each EV space shall be 18 feet (5486 mm). 2. The minimum width of each EV space shall be 9 feet (2743 mm). 3. One in every 25 EV spaces, but not less than one, shall also have an 8-foot (2438 mm) wide minimum aisle. A 5-foot (1524 mm) wide minimum aisle shall be permitted provided the minimum width of the EV space is 12 feet (3658 mm). a. Surface slope for this EV space and the aisle shall not exceed 1 unit vertical in 48 units horizontal (2.083 percent slope) in any direction. 4.106.4.2.3 Single EV space required. When a single EV space is required, it shall be an EVSE Installed space. 4.106.4.2.4 Multiple EV spaces required. When multiple EV spaces are required, fifty (50) percent, but in no case less than one, shall be EVSE Installed spaces. The remainder of the required EV spaces may be EVSE Installed, EVSE Ready, or EVSE Capable spaces. 4.106.4.2.4.1 Construction Documents. Construction documents shall indicate the raceway termination point and proposed location of future EV spaces and EV chargers. Construction documents shall also provide information on amperage of future EVSE, raceway method(s), wiring schematics and electrical load calculations to verify that the electrical panel service capacity and electrical system, including any on-site distribution transformer(s), have sufficient capacity to simultaneously charge all EVs at all required EV spaces at the full rated amperage of the February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 34 of 74 EXHIBIT 3 EVSE. Plan design shall be based upon a 40-ampere minimum branch circuit. Raceways and related components that are planned to be installed underground, enclosed, inaccessible or in concealed areas and spaces shall be installed at the time of original construction. 4.106.4.2.5 Identification. The service panel or subpanel circuit directory shall identify the overcurrent protective device space(s) reserved for future EV charging purposes as "EV CAPABLE" in accordance with the California Electrical Code. 4.106.4.3 New hotels and motels. All newly constructed hotels and motels shall provide EV spaces capable of supporting installed and future installation of EVSE. The construction documents shall identify the location of the EV spaces. Note: Construction documents are intended to demonstrate the project's capability and capacity for facilitating future EV charging. Except for EVSE Installed spaces, there is no requirement for EV spaces to be constructed or available until EV chargers are installed for use. 4.106.4.3.1 Number of required EV spaces. The number of required EV spaces and EVSE Installed spaces shall be based on the total number of parking spaces provided for all types of parking facilities in accordance with Table 4.106.4.3.1. Calculations for the required number of EV spaces and EVSE Installed spaces shall be rounded up to the nearest whole number. TABLE 4.106.4.3.1 TOTAL NUMBER OF NUMBER OF REQUIRED EV NUMBER OF REQUIRED PARKING SPACES 0-9 10-25 26-50 51-75 76-100 101-150 151-200 201 and over SPACES EVSE INSTALLED SPACES 1 1 2 1 4 2 6 3 9 5 12 6 17 9 10 percent of total 50 percent of required EV spaces 4.106.4.3.2 Electric vehicle charging. space (EV space} dimensions. The EV spaces shall be designed to comply with the following: 1. The minimum length of each EV space shall be 18 feet (5486 mm). 2. The minimum width of each EV space shall be 9 feet (2743 mm). 4.106.4.3.3 Single EV space required. When a single EV space is required, it February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 35 of 74 EXHIBIT 3 shall be an EVSE Installed space. 4.106.4.3.4 Multiple EV spaces required. When multiple EV spaces are required per Table 4.106.4.3.1, the corresponding number of EVSE Installed spaces are required to be installed at the time of construction. The remainder of the EV spaces required per Table 4.106.4.3.1 may be EVSE Installed, EVSE Ready, or EVSE Capable spaces. 4.106.4.3.4.1 Construction documents. Construction documents shall indicate the raceway termination point and proposed location of future EV spaces and EV chargers. Construction documents shall also provide information on amperage of future EVSE, raceway method(s), wiring schematics and electrical load calculations to verify that the electrical panel service capacity and electrical system, including any on-site distribution transformer(s), have sufficient capacity to simultaneously charge all EVs at all required EV spaces at the full rated amperage of the EVSE. Plan design shall be based upon a 40-ampere minimum branch circuit. Raceways and related components that are planned to be installed underground, enclosed, inaccessible or in concealed areas and spaces shall be installed at the time of original construction. 4.106.4.3.5 Identification. The service panels or subpanels shall be identified in accordance with Section 4.106.4.2.5. 4.106.4.3.6 Accessible EV spaces. In addition to the requirements in Section 4.106.4.3, EV spaces for hotels/motels and all EVSE, when installed, shall comply with the accessibility provisions for EV charging stations in the California Building Code, Chapter 11B. Notes: 1. The California Department of Transportation adopts and publishes the "California Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices {California MUTCD)" to provide uniform standards and specifications for all official traffic control devices in California. Zero Emission Vehicle Signs and Pavement Markings can be found in the New Policies & Directives Number 13-01. Website: http:/ /www.dot.ca.gov/ trafficops/policy.html. 2. See Vehicle Code Section 22511 for EV charging space signage in off-street parking facilities and for use of EV charging spaces. 3. The Governor' s Office of Planning and Research (OPR) published a "Zero-Emission Vehicle Community Readiness Guidebook" which provides helpful information for local governments, residents and businesses. Website: https://opr.ca.gov/docs/ZEV _Guidebook.pdf. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 36 of 74 EXHIBIT 3 4. The Governor's lnteragency Working Group on Zero-Emission Vehicles, 2016, "2016 ZEV Action Plan, An Updated Roadmap toward 1.5 Million Zero-Emission Vehicles on California Roadways by 2025." https://www.gov.ca.gov/ docs/2016_ZEV _Action_Plan.pdf. 6. Section 18.30.150 is added to read as follows: 18.21.150 California Green Building Standards Code Chapter 5 amended - Nonresidential electric vehicle charging. A. Section 5.102 of the California Green Building Standards Code is amended to read as follows: SECTION 5.102 DEFINITIONS 5.102.1 Definitions. The following terms are defined in Chapter 2. CUTOFF LUMINAIRES. EVSE CAPABLE. EVSE INSTALLED. EVSE READY. LOW-EMITTING AND FUEL EFFICIENT VEHICLES. NEIGHBORHOOD ELECTRIC VEHICLES. TENANT-OCCUPANTS. VANPOOL VEHICLE. ZEV. B. Section 5.106.5.3 of the California Green Building Standards Code is amended to read as follows: 5.106.5.3 Electric vehicle (EV) charging. [N] Construction shall comply with Section 5.106.5.3.1 or Section 5.106.5.3.2 to facilitate installation and future installation of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE). When EVSE(s) is/are installed, it shall be in accordance with the California Building Code, the California Electrical Code and as follows: 5.106.5.3.1 Single charging space requirements. [N] When only a single charging space is required per Table 5.106.5.3.3, one EVSE Installed space shall be installed in accordance with the California Electrical Code. 5.106.5.3.2 Multiple charging space requirements. [N] When multiple EV spaces are required per Table 5.106.5.3.3, the corresponding number of EVSE Installed spaces are required to be installed at the time of construction and shall be installed in accordance with the California Electrical Code. The remainder of the EV spaces required per Table 5.106.5.3.3 may be EVSE Installed, EVSE Ready, or EVSE Capable spaces. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 37 of 74 TOTAL NUMBER OF ACTUAL PARKING SPACES 0-9 10-25 26-50 51-75 76-100 EXHIBIT 3 5.106.5.3.2.1 Construction documents. Construction plans and specifications shall include, but are not limited to, the following: 1. The type and location of the EVSE. 2. The raceway(s) shall originate at a service panel or a subpanel(s) serving the area, and shall terminate in close proximity to the proposed location of the charging equipment and into listed suitable cabinet(s), box(es), enclosure(s) or equivalent. 3. Plan design shall be based upon 40-ampere minimum branch circuits. 4. Electrical calculations shall substantiate the design of the electrical system, to include the rating of equipment and any on- site distribution transformers and have sufficient capacity to simultaneously charge all required EVs at its full rated amperage. 5. The service panel or subpanel(s) shall have sufficient capacity to accommodate the required number of dedicated branch circuit(s) for the future installation of the EVSE. 5.106.5.3.3 EV charging space calculation. [N] Table 5.106.5.3.3 shall be used to determine if single or multiple charging space requirements apply for the installation and future installation of EVSE. Exceptions: On a case-by-case basis where the local enforcing agency has determined EV charging and infrastructure is not feasible based upon one or more of the following conditions: 1. Where there is insufficient electrical supply. 2. Where there is evidence suitable to the local enforcing agency substantiating that additional local utility infrastructure design requirements, directly related to the implementation of Section 5.106.5.3, may adversely impact the construction cost of the project. TABLE 5.106.5.3.3 NUMBER OF REQUIRED EV NUMBER OF REQUIRED SPACES EVSE INSTALLED SPACES 1 1 2 1 4 2 6 3 9 5 February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 38 of 74 EXHIBIT 3 101-150 12 6 151-200 17 9 201 and over 10 percent of totaI1 50 percent of required EVSE Installed spaces1 1. Calculation for EV spaces and EVSE Installed spaces shall be rounded up to the nearest whole number. 5.106.5.3.4 [N] Identification. The service panel or subpanel(s) circuit directory shall identify the reserved overcurrent protective device space(s) for future EV charging as "EV CAPABLE". The raceway termination location shall be permanently and visibly marked as "EV CAPABLE." 5.106.5.3.5 [N] Future charging spaces qualify as designated parking as described in Section 5.106.5.2 Designated parking for clean air vehicles. Notes: 1. The California Department of Transportation adopts and publishes the California Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (California MUTCD) to provide uniform standards and specifications for all official traffic control devices in California. Zero Emission Vehicle Signs and Pavement Markings can be found in the New Policies & Directives number 13- 01.www.dot.ca.gov/hq/traffops/policy/13-01.pdf. 2. See Vehicle Code Section 22511 for EV charging spaces signage in off-street parking facilities and for use of EV charging spaces. 3. The Governor's Office of Planning and Research published a Zero-Emission Vehicle Community Readiness Guidebook which provides helpful information for local governments, residents and businesses. www.opr.ca.gov/docs/ZEV _ Guidebook.pdf. EFFECTIVE DATE: This ordinance shall be effective thirty days following its adoption; and the City Clerk shall certify the adoption of this ordinance and cause the full text of the ordinance or a summary of the ordinance prepared by the City Attorney to be published at least once in a newspaper of general circulation in the City of Carlsbad within fifteen days after its adoption. INTRODUCED AND FIRST READ at a Regular Meeting ofthe Carlsbad City Council on the 26th day of February 2019, and thereafter PASSED, APPROVED AND ADOPTED at a Regular Meeting of the City Council of the City of Carlsbad on the_ day of ___ _, 2019, by the following vote, to wit: AYES: NOES: ABSENT: February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 39 of 74 APPROVED AS TO FORM AND LEGALITY: CELIA A. BREWER, City Attorney MATT HALL, Mayor BARBARA ENGLESON, City Clerk (SEAL) EXHIBIT 3 February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 40 of 74 Attachment "A" to Ordinance No. CS-349 FINDINGS FOR LOCAL AMENDMENTS TO 2016 CALIFORNIA GREEN BUILDING STANDARDS CODE California Health and Safety Code Section 17958 provides that the city may make changes to the provisions in the uniform codes that are published in the California Building Standards Code. Health and Safety Code Sections 17958.5, 17958.7 and 18941.5 require that for each proposed local change to those provisions in the uniform codes and published in the California Building Standards Code which regulate buildings used for human habitation, the city council must make findings supporting its determination that each such local change is reasonably necessary because of local climatic, geological, or topographical conditions. Furthermore, California Green Building Standards Code Section 101. 7.1 provides that local climatic, geological or topographical conditions include environmental conditions established by a city, county, or city and county. California Green Building Standards Code Section Title Add Amend Justification 202 Definitions ✓ C, T, E 4.102.1 Definitions ✓ C, T, E Electric vehicle (EV) charging for new C, T, E 4.106.4 construction and major residential ✓ renovations 5.102.1 Definitions ✓ C, T,E 5.106.5.3 Electric vehicle charging ✓ C, T, E Key to Justification for Amendments to Title 24 of the California Code ofRegulations C This amendment is justified on the basis of a local climatic condition. Carlsbad has many brush-covered hillsides and protected natural open space areas adjacent to developed areas. Though relatively moderate compared to inland portions of the region, the seasonal climatic conditions during the late summer and fall in Carlsbad are characterized by frequent Santa Ana weather patterns. Santa Ana conditions are dry, hot, strong and gusty winds that produce extreme dryness and some ofthe highest winds in San Diego County, have fanned the region's most catastrophic wildfires and can impact public health in the populated coastal zone by the extreme heat and occasional smoke.1 Carlsbad has experienced larger increases in annual temperature than other parts of the state. Compared to the first six decades of the 20th century, annual 1 Kalansky, Julie, Dan Cayan, Kate Barba, Laura Walsh, Kimberly Brouwer, Dani Boudreau. (University of California, San Diego). 2018. San Diego Summary Report. California's Fourth Climate Change Assessment, p.27. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 41 of 74 Attachment "A" to Ordinance No. CS-349 temperatures have increased by more than 1 °F in many parts of the state, with some areas (including the San Diego region) exceeding 2°F.2 This heating is expected to continue well into the future, with estimates ranging between 4-6°F and 7-9°F by the end of the century.3 T This amendment is justified on the basis of a local topographical condition. Carlsbad has six and a half miles of beaches, three lagoons, several creeks and other low-lying areas prone to flooding. The San Diego Multi-jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Plan ranks coastal storm, erosion and flooding among the top five hazards for Carlsbad, with potential property loss exposure approaching $200 million dollars.4 There is broad scientific consensus that the earth will continue to warm and that sea levels will rise as a result of thermal expansion of the oceans and increased contributions from melting glaciers. By the end of the century, sea level could rise by 1.7 to 6.6 feet, inundating beaches and impacting miles of roads and public accesses, the state campgrounds, hundreds of properties, and more than 1,000 acres of environmentally sensitive lands in Carlsbad.5 E This amendment is justified on the basis of local environmental conditions. Sustainability is a core value of the Community Vision, and an intrinsic part of the Carlsbad General Plan. Energy efficiency enhances the public health and welfare by promoting the environmental and economic health of the city through incorporating green practices into the design, construction, maintenance and operation of new and existing buildings. Providing charging infrastructure for electric vehicles will reduce air pollution and GHG emissions by facilitating increased use of zero emission vehicles. The amendments to the California Green Building Standards Code are reasonably necessary to achieve the following goals of the General Plan Sustainability Element and Carlsbad Climate Action Plan: • Promote energy efficiency and conservation in the community; • Pursue the use of sustainable energy sources; • Reduce the community's greenhouse gas emissions and foster green development patterns; • Maintain a long-term balance among environmental, social and economic concerns, to ensure a vibrant, healthy and prosperous community. The above-listed conditions within the city pose local hazards for which amendments to the California Green Building Standards Code are required. Human activities that release heat-trapping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere (such as through fossil fuel combustion) are the primary driver of climate change.6 Failure to address and 2 Bedsworth, Louise, Dan Cayan, Guido Franco, Leah Fisher, Sonya Ziaja. (California Governor's Office of Planning and Research, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, California Energy Commission, California Public Utilities Commission). 2018. Statewide Summary Report. California's Fourth Climate Change Assessment, p. 22. 3 San Diego Summary Report, p. 19. 4 2017 San Diego Multi-jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation Plan, Table 5.3-1. 5 City of Carlsbad. December 2017. Sea Level Rise Vulnerability Assessment, Table 7, p. 44. 6 U.S. Global Research Program. Fourth National Climate Change Assessment, February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 42 of 74 Attachment "A" to Ordinance No. CS-349 significantly reduce GHG emissions could result in increased extreme heat events, dry weather conditions and risk of wildfire. Rises in sea level, including in the city's lagoons, could put at risk Carlsbad homes and businesses, public facilities, pub Ii c roads (especially Carlsbad Boulevard) and accessways. According to the Carlsbad Climate Action Plan, community-wide GHG emissions need to be reduced 49 percent by 2035 to help achieve statewide reduction targets necessary to reduce impacts from climate change. Cars and light trucks account for 39 percent of Carlsbad's GHG emissions. Providing electric vehicle charging infrastructure will facilitate increased use of plug-in hybrid and battery electric vehicles, thereby reducing GHG emissions from this sector. For example, the California Air Resources Board estimates that each installed electric vehicle charging station could reduce GHG emissions by 8 to 17 metric tons (CO2 equivalent gases) per year.7 https://www.globalchange.gov/climate-change. Accessed on 12/28/18. 7 CARB. April 13, 2018. Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure: Multifamily Building Standards, Appendix H. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 43 of 74 EXHIBIT 4 {city of Carlsbad SUMMARY OF PROPOSED ENERGY CONSERVATION AND ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE ORDINANCES The city's Climate Action Plan (CAP) calls for the adoption of ordinances related to energy efficiency, renewable energy, alternative water heating and electric vehicle charging infrastructure. Implementation of these ordinances is intended to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and assist in reaching the GHG reduction targets contained in the CAP. Below is a summary of the proposed ordinances, separated by topic and type of construction. Energy Efficiency -Residential Applicability: All renovations of existing single-family and multi-family residential buildings with a building permit valuation of $60,000 or more. Requirements: See Table 1 below. Table 1 -Existing Residential Energy Efficiency Required Measures by Building Type and Vintage Measure Existing Conditions Requirement -Heating, Insulation with a thermal resistance 2016 Title 24 Section 150.2(b)1E Ventilation (R-value) greater than or equal to R-without verification by a certified Pre-1978 Pre-1978 and Cooling 2.1 and :2:30% leakage (~25% leakage Home Energy Rating System (HERS) Ducts for multi-family units) Rater. . Attic Insulation with an R-value of greater Insulation with an R-value of R-38 Pre-1978 Pre-1991 Insulation than or e~ual to R-5, vented attic Asphalt shingles, dark Aged solar reflectance greater than Cool Roof (project scope includes replacement or equal to 0.25 Pre-1978 Pre-1991 of roof) Thermal emittance greater than or equal to 0.75 Water heater blanket with an R-value of greater than or equal to R-6 Water 40-gal uninsulated tank Hot water pipe insulation greater 1978 and 1991 and Heating No pipe insulation than or equal to 3/4 inch thick Package No low-flow fixtures Low-Flow Fixtures with rated flow newer newer rates no more than CALGreen requirements Lighting Screw-in (A-base) incandescent and Screw-in LED lamps and manual-on 1978 and 1991 and Package halogen lamps automatic-off vacancy sensors that newer newer meet Title 24 Section 110.9(b)4.C February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 44 of 74 Exceptions1: EXHIBIT 4 The requirement for inclusion of energy efficiency measures does not apply to residential buildings that receive a rating of seven (7) or higher on the U.S. Department of Energy's Home Energy Score rating system based upon an assessment by a Home Energy Score Certified Assessor, to the satisfaction of the Building Official. Energy Efficiency -Non-residential Applicability: All new non-residential buildings and renovations to existing non-residential buildings with a building permit valuation of $200,000 or greater or add 1,000 or more square feet. Requirements: Development must meet the energy standards of CALGreen (Title 24, Part 11 of the California Building Code) Voluntary Tier 1. Exceptions: Some of the proposed Energy Conservation Ordinance is more restrictive than CALGreen Voluntary Tier 1, in which case the more restrictive ordinance shall apply. Specifically: 1) all new non-residential construction shall follow the city's water heating ordinance requirements; 2) all new non-residential construction and renovations with a building permit valuation of $1,000,000 or higher that affect 75 percent or more of the existing floor area; OR renovations that increase roof area by greater than or equal to 2,000 square feet shall follow the city's photovoltaic ordinance requirements. Photovoltaic -Non-residential Applicability: All new non-residential buildings and renovations to existing non-residential buildings with a building permit valuation of $1,000,000 or higher that affect 75 percent or more of the existing floor area; OR renovations that increase roof area by greater than or equal to 2,000 square feet. Requirements: Development must include a photovoltaic (PV) system that meets one of the following minimum size requirements: 1) offsets 80 percent of the building's electrical demand; 2) generates a minimum of 15-kilowatts per 10,000 square feet of gross floor area; or 1 Exceptions described in this summary are proposed with the local ordinance amendments and may modify, or be in addition to, exceptions contained in existing statewide codes (such as for technical infeasibility or unreasonable hardship). February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 45 of 74 Exceptions: EXHIBIT 4 3) generates a minimum of 5-kilowatts for buildings under 10,000 square feet of gross floor area. 1) The existence of practical challenges to effective PV installation, such as building site location, limited rooft(?p availability, or shading from nearby structures, topography or vegetation. In these cases, the applicant may be responsible for alternative energy conservation measures to comply with the California Environmental Quality Act. 2) The building satisfies the purpose and intent of the PV system requirement using alternate on-site renewable generation systems such as wind energy systems. Water Heating-Low-rise Residential Applicability: All new residential buildings with three or fewer habitable stories. Requirements: 1) Development must include a water heating system that derives at least 60 percent of its energy from on-site solar energy or recovered energy; Exceptions: 2) Development must include a water heating system meeting one of the following requirements: a) contains heat pump water heater(s) or other form of electric water heating system(s), that meets California Energy Code (Title 24, Part) standards and is paired with a greater than or equal to 300W PV system; b) contains a solar water heating system that uses OG-300 certified collectors and provides a 0.6 solar fraction or includes collectors covering 40 or more square feet. If on-site energy or recovered energy is economically infeasible. Note: The residential water heating ordinance will be implemented when the 2019 building code (Title 24} standards are adopted. The 2019 standards will include a requirement for residential photovoltaic systems, which will support the water heating measures identified in the ordinance. Water Heating -High-rise Residential and Hotel/Motel Applicability: All new residential buildings with four or more habitable stories and all new hotel/motel buildings. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 46 of 74 Requirements: 1) High-rise residential and hotel/motel development must include a water heating system meeting one of the following requirements: EXH IBIT 4 a) contains heat pump water heater(s) or other form of electric water heating system(s), that meets California Energy Code (Title 24, Part 6) standards; b) contains a solar water heating system that uses OG-100 certified collectors and provides a 0.6 solar fraction or includes collectors covering 40 or more square feet. 2) Buildings serving multiple units with a central water-heating system can include a gas or propane water heating system provided they include a recirculation system and a solar water heating system. Water Heating -Non-residential Applicability: All new non-residential buildings. Requirements: Development must include a water heating system that derives at least 40 percent of its energy from on-site solar energy or recovered energy and meets one of the following requirements: Exceptions: 1) contains heat pump water heater(s), tankless electric resistance, or other form of electric water heating system(s) that meet Title 24 standards; 2) contains a solar water heating system that provides a 0.4 solar fraction and uses OG-100 certified collectors. If on-site energy or recovered energy is economically infeasible. Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure -Residential Applicability: All new residential bu ildings and major renovations to existing residential buildings, as defined in Tab le 2 below. Requirements: Provide electric vehicle (EV) spaces and EV charging infrastructure in accordance with Table 2 below. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 47 of 74 EXHIBIT 4 Table 2 -Residential EV Charging Infrastructure by Project Type I Project Type New Residential Construction* Residential Additions and Alterations One-and two-family dwellings and townhouses with attached private garages Multi-family projects (three or more dwellings) One-and two-family dwellings and townhouses with attached private garages whose project includes an electrical service panel upgrade or a permit valuation ~$60,000 Multifamily project (three or more dwelling units) performing a major renovation2 and has a permit valuation of ~$200,000 Requirement Must have one parking space per dwelling unit be EV supply equipment ready. Must have 10 percent of parking spaces, or a minimum of one space, be EV supply equipment capable. SO percent of the EV capable spaces, or a minimum of one space, must have EV supply equipment installed. Must have one parking space per dwelling unit be EV supply equipment ready. Must have 10 percent of parking spaces, or a minimum of one space, be EV supply equipment capable. SO percent of the EV capable spaces, or a minimum of one space, must have EV supply equipment installed. *For all residential projects where common or visitor use parking is provided, at least one space shall be equipped with an EV charging station and shall be available for use by all residents. Exceptions: Projects involving one-and two-family dwellings with a permit valuation greater than or equal to $60,000 but do not include an electrical service panel upgrade must meet these requirements to the maximum extent that does not trigger a panel upgrade. Also, requirement may be reduced if it adds more than $400 cost per parking space for utility-side infrastructure upgrades. Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure -Non-residential Applicability: All new non-residential developments. Requirements: Provide EV spaces and EV charging infrastructure in accordance with Table 3 below. 2 Major Renovations: Renovations where interior finishes are removed and significant site work and upgrades to structural and mechanical, electrical and/or plumbing systems are proposed. Significant site work as used herein means site alterations that: require a grading permit pursuant to Carlsbad Municipal Code Chapter lS.16; rehabilitate or install 2,S00 square feet or more of landscaping; or repave, replace or add 2,S00 square feet or more of vehicle parking and drive area. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 48 of 74 ! I Table 3 -Non-residential EV Spaces and Charging Infrastructure Total Number of Parking Spaces 0-9 10-25 26-50 51-75 76-100 101-150 151-200 201 and over Number of Required EV Spaces 1 2 4 6 9 12 17 10 percent of total parking spaces EXHIBIT 4 Number of Required EV Charging Infrastructure Installed Spaces 1 1 2 3 5 6 9 50 percent of required EV spaces Exceptions: No locally-amended exceptions proposed; statewide infeasibility exceptions would apply. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 49 of 74 EXHIBIT 5 PROPOSED TEXT CHANGES TO CARLSBAD MUNICIPAL CODE CHAPTERS 18.21 AND 18.30 ENERGY EFFICIENCY, PHOTOVOLTAIC AND ALTERNATIVE WATER HEATING SYSTEMS Legend to proposed text amendments: 1. Existing Carlsbad Municipal Code (CMC) language appears as regular upright text. 2. New CMC language is underlined. 3. Excerpts from the California Green Building Standards Code (CALGreen) and California Energy Code added to the CMC are shown in italics. 4. Carlsbad additions to CALGreen and Energy Code are underlined, and deletions are shown in stril~eol:lt. Chapter 18.21 Lisf of Sections I Amend Chapter 18.21 List of Sections to reference new sections as follows: Adoption. Building official designated. Permit fees. Sections: 18.21.010 18.21.020 18.21.030 18.21.155 California Green Building Standards Code Appendix AS adopted in part and amended as mandatory requirements -Energy efficiency. Section 18.21.010 I Amend Section 18.21.010 as follows: 18.21.010 Adoption. The 2016 California Green Building Standards Code copyrighted by the California Building Standards Commission, together with those amendments, exceptions, additions and deletions incorporated into this chapter, is adopted by reference as the Green Building Standards Code of the City of Carlsbad. Section 18.21.155 I Add Section 18.21.155 as follows: 18.21.155 California Green Building Standards Code Appendix AS adopted in part and amended as mandatory requirements -Energy efficiency. California Green Building Standards Code Appendix AS -Nonresidential Voluntary Measures; Division AS .2 -Energy Efficiency, Sections AS.201, AS .202, Subsections AS.203.1.1 (Tier 1 Prerequisites) through AS.203.1.2.1 Tier 1, and Sections AS.211 through AS.213, are adopted and am ended herein as mandatory requirements for con struction of nonresidential, high-rise February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 50 of 74 EXHIBIT 5 residential, hotels/motels, and alterations thereto having a building permit valuation of at least $200,000 or additions of at least 1,000 square feet. A. Section AS.203 .1.1.2 of the California Green Building Standards Code is amended to read as follows: AS.203.1.1.2 Service water heating in restaurants. Newly constructed restaurants shall comply with California Energy Code Section 140.58.,000 Sffuare feet or f}reater and w-ltf:1 service water f:leaters rated 75,000 Btu/ h or f}reater shall ins ta!! a solar water heatinf} S}1stem \1,1itf:1 a minimum solar savinf}sfraction of 0.15. 1. BuUdinf}s with a natural fJGS sen·ice water heater witf:1 a minimum of95 13ercent thermal efficiency. -b Bui.ldinf}s where weater than 75 13ercent of the total roof area f:las annual solar access that is less than 7013ercent. Solar access is the ratio of solar insolation, indudinf} shade, to tf:le soJar insoJation without shade. Shadinf} from obstructions located on the roof or any other 13art of the buitdinf} shall not be induded in t/=Je determination of annual solar access. B. Section AS.211 of the California Green Building Standards Code is amended to read as follows: AS.211.1 On-site renewable energy. Use on-site renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, geothermal, low-impact hydro, biomass and bio-gas for at least 1 percent of the electric power calculated as the product of the building service voltage and the amperage specified by the electrical service overcurrent protection device rating or 1 kW, (whichever is greater), in addition to the electrical demand required to meet 1 percent of the natural gas and propane use. The building project's electrical service overcurrent protection device rating shall be calculated in accordance with the 2016 California Electrical Code. Natural gas or propane use is calculated in accordance with the 2016 California Plumbing Code. AS.211.1.1 Documentation. Using a calculation method approved by the California Energy Commission, calculate the renewable on-site energy system to meet the requirements of Section A5.211.1, expressed in kW. Factor in net-metering, if offered by local utility, on an annual basis. AS.211.3 Green power. If offered by local utility provider, participate in a renewable energy portfolio program that provides a minimum of 50 percent electrical power from renewable sources. Maintain documentation through utility billings. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 51 of 74 Exception to AS.211.1, AS.211.1.1 and AS.211.3: All new nonresidential, high-rise residential, and hotel/motel buildings, and alterations thereto having a building permit valuation of at least $1,000,000 and affecting at least 75 percent of existing floor area, or alterations that increase roof size by at least 2,000 square feet, shall instead comply with California Energy Code Section 120.10. EXHIBIT 5 February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 52 of 74 EXHIBIT 5 Chapter 18.30 List of Sections I Amend Chapter 18.30 List of Sections to reference new sections as follows: Sections: 18.30.010 18.30.020 18.30.030 18.30.040 18.30.050 18.30.110 18.30.130 18.30.150 18.30.170 18.30.190 Adoption. Purpose and application. Building official designated. Solar alternative design provisions required. Permit fees. California Energy Code Subchapter 1 amended -Definitions California Energy Code Subchapter 3 amended -Nonresidential photovoltaic system required. California Energy Code Subchapters 3 and 5 amended -Nonresidential water heating requirements. California Energy Code Subchapters 7 and 8 amended -Residential water heating requirements. California Energy Code Subchapter 9 amended -Energy efficiency in existing residential buildings. Section 18.30.110 California Energy Code Subchapter 1 amended -Definitions I Add Section 18.30.110 as follows: 18.30.110 California Energy Code Subchapter 1 amended -Definitions. Section 100.l(b) is amended by adding the following definition: SOLAR ELECTRIC GENERATION SYSTEM or PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM is the complete set of all components for converting sunlight into electricity through the photovoltaic process, including the array of panels, inverter(s) and the balance of system components required to enable the system to effectively deliver power to reduce a building's consumption of electricity from the utility grid. Section 18.30.130 California Energy Code Subchapter 3 amended -Nonresidential photovoltaic system required Add Section 18.30.130 as follows: 18.30.130 California Energy Code Subchapter 3 amended-Nonresidential photovoltaic system required. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 53 of 74 EXHIBIT 5 Section 120.10 is added to the California Energy Code as follows: SECTION 120.10 NONRESIDENT/Al PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM REQUIRED All new nonresidential, high-rise residential, and hotel/motel buildings shall comply with the requirements of Section 120.l0(a) or 120.l0(b). Additions to existing nonresidential, high- rise residential, and hotel/motel buildings where the total roof area is increased by at least 2,000 square feet, and alterations to existing nonresidential, high-rise residential, and hotel/motel buildings with a permit valuation of at least $1,000,000 that affect at least 75 percent of the gross floor area shall also comply with the requirements of Section 120.l0(a) or (b). The required installation of a photovoltaic (PV) system shall be sized according to one of the following methods: (a) Based on gross floor area. 1. Buildings with greater than or equal to 10,000 squarefeet of gross floor area shall install a minimum PV system sized at 15 kilowatts direct current (kWdc) per 10,000 square feet of gross floor area. Note to Section 120.10(a)1: PV system size= 15 kWdc X (Gross Floor Area I 10,000 sq. ft.), where the building size factor shall be rounded to the nearest tenth and the resulting product shall be rounded to the nearest whole number. For example, an applicant with a 126,800 square foot building shall install a minimum 191 kilowatt (kWdc) PV system. 2. Buildings under 10,000 square feet of gross floor area shall install a minimum 5- kilowatt (kWdc) PV system. Note to Section 120.10(a)2: Applicants are encouraged to right-size the PV system based on the building's electrical demand to improve the system's cost effectiveness. (b) Based on Time Dependent Valuation (TDV). Install a solar PV system that will offset 80 percent of the building's TDVenerqy on an annual basis. The system sizing requirement shall be based upon total building TDV energy use including both conditioned and unconditioned space and calculated using modeling software or other methods approved by the Building Official. Exception 1 to Section 120.10: The Building Official may waive or reduce, by the maximum extent necessary, the provisions of this Section if the Official determines there are sufficient practical challenges to make satisfaction of the requirements infeasible. Practical challenges may be a result of the building site location, limited February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 54 of 74 EXHIBIT 5 rooftop availability, or shading from nearby structures, topography or vegetation. The applicant is responsible for demonstrating requirement infeasibility when applying for an exemption. Exception 2 to Section 120.10: The Building Official may waive or reduce, by the maximum extent necessary, the provisions of this Section if the Official determines the building has satisfied the purpose and intent of this provision through the use of alternate on-site renewable generation systems such as wind energy systems. Section 18.30.150 California Energy Code Subchapters 3 and 5 amended -Nonresidential water heating requirements Add Section 18.30.150 as follows: 18.30.150 California Energy Code Subchapters 3 and 5 amended -Nonresidential water heating requirements. A. Section 120.11 is added to the California Energy Code as follows: SECTION 120.11 NONRESIDENTIAL MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS FOR SERVICE WATER HEATING SYSTEMS Any newly constructed nonresidential building shall derive its service water heating from a system that provides at least 40 percent of the energy needed for service water heating from on-site solar energy or recovered energy. Solar energy includes solar photovoltaics and solar-water heating systems. Exception to Section 120.11: Buildings for which the Building Official has determined that service water heating from on-site solar energy or recovered energy is economically or physically infeasible. Applicant is responsible for demonstrating requirement infeasibility when applying for an exemption. B. Section 140.5 of the California Energy Code is amended to read as follows: SECTION 140.5 PRESCRIPTIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR SERVICE WATER HEATING SYSTEMS (a) Nonresidential occupancies. A service water-heating system installed in a nonresidential building complies with this section if it complies shall comply with the applicable requirements of Sections 110.1, 110.3-aoo, 120.3, and 120.11. In addition, a service water-heating system shall meet the requirements of 1, 2, or 3 below: 1. A heat pump water heater. The storage tank shall be located in a conditioned space. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 55 of 74 EXHIBIT 5 2. An electric resistance water heater. 3. A solar water-heating system with a minimum solar savings fraction of 0.40. Solar water-heating systems and collectors shall be certified and rated by the Solar Rating and Certification Corporation (SRCC), the International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials, Research and Testing (IAPMO R& T), or by a listing agency that is approved by the Executive Director. (b} High-rise residential and Hotel/Motel occupancies. A service water heating system installed in a high-rise residential or hotel/motel building complies with this section if it meets the requirements of Section 150.l(c)8. shall meet the requirements of either 1, 2, or 3. For recirculation distribution systems serving individual dwelling units, only Demand Recirculation Systems with manual on/off control as specified in the Reference Appendix RA4.4.9.shall be used: 1. For systems serving individual dwelling units, the water heating system shall meet the requirement of either A, B, or C: A. A single heat pump water heater. The storage tank shall be located in the garage or conditioned space. In addition, one of the following: i. A compact hot water distribution system; or ii. A photovoltaic system of 0.3 kWdc larger than the requirement specified in Section 120.10. B. A single heat pump water heater that meets the requirements of NEEA Advanced Water Heater Specification Tier 3 or higher. The storage tank shall be located in the garage or conditioned space. C. A solar water-heating system meeting the installation criteria specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA4 and either a minimum solar savings fraction of 0.60 or a minimum 40 square feet of collectors. 2. For systems serving multiple dwelling units, a central water-heating system that includes the following components shall be installed: A. Gas or propane water heating system; and B. A recirculation system that meets the requirements of Sections 110.3(c)2 and 110.3(c)5, includes two or more separate recirculation loops serving separate dwelling units, and is capable of automatically controlling the recirculation pump operation based on measurement of hot water demand and hot water return temperature; and February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 56 of 74 EXHIBIT 5 EXCEPTION to Section 140.5(b}28: Buildings with eight or fewer dwelling units may use a single recirculation loop. C. A solar water-heating system meeting the installation criteria specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA4 and with a minimum solar savings fraction of either a orb below: i. A minimum solar savings fraction of 0.60 or a minimum of 40 square feet of collectors; or ii. A minimum solar savings fraction of 0.40. In addition, a drain water heat recovery system shall be installed. 3. A water-heating system serving multiple dwelling units determined by the Executive Director to use no more energy than the one specified in subsection B above. Section 18.30.170 California Energy Code Subchapters 7 and 8 amended-Residential water heating requirements NOTE: Amends 2019 California Energy Code Add Section 18.30.170 as follows: 18.30.170 California Energy Code Subchapters 7 and 8 amended -Residential water heating requirements. A. Section 150.0(n) of the California Energy Code is amended to read as follows: SECTION 150.0 MANDATORY FEATURES AND DEVICES (n) Water Heating System. 1. Systems using gas or propane water heaters to serve individual dwelling units shall include the following components: A. A dedicated 125 volt, 20 amp electrical receptacle that is connected to the electric panel with a 120/240 volt 3 conductor, 10 A WG copper branch circuit within 3 feet from the water heater and accessible to the water heater with no obstructions. In addition, all of the following: i. Both ends of the unused conductor shall be labeled with the word "spare" and be electrically isolated; and February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 57 of 74 EXHIBIT 5 ii. A reserved single pole circuit breaker space in the electrical panel adjacent to the circuit breaker for the branch circuit in A above and labeled with the words "Future 240V Use"; and B. A Category Ill or IV vent, or a Type B vent with straight pipe between the outside termination and the space where the water heater is installed; and C. A condensate drain that is no more than 2 inches higher than the base of the installed water heater, and allows natural draining without pump assistance, and D. A gas supply line with a capacity of at least 200,000 Btu/hr. 2. Water heating recirculation loops serving multiple dwelling units shall meet the requirements of Section 110.3{c)5. 3. Solar water-heating systems and collectors shall be certified and rated by the Solar Rating and Certification Corporation {SRCC}, the International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials, Research and Testing {IAPMO R& T), or by a listing agency that is approved by the Executive Director. 4. Instantaneous water heaters with an input rating greater than 6.8 kB TU/hr {2kW) shall meet the requirements of Section 110.3{c}7. 5. Any newly constructed residential building shall derive its service water heating from a system that provides at least 60 percent of the energy needed for service water heating from on-site solar energy or recovered energy. Solar energy includes solar photovoltaics and solar-water heating systems. EXCEPTION to Section 150.0(n}S: Buildings for which the Building Official has determined that service water heating from on-site solar energy or recovered energy is economically or physically infeasible. Applicant is responsible for demonstrating requirement infeasibility when applying for an exemption 8. Section 150.1(c)8 of the California Energy Code is amended to read as follows: SECTION 150.1 PERFORMANCE AND PRESCRIPTIVE COMPLIANCE APPROACHES FOR LOW-RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS 8. Domestic Water-Heating Systems. Water-heating systems shall meet the requirements of either A, B, or C. For recirculation distribution systems serving individual dwelling uniti, only Demand Recirculation Systems with manual on/off control as specified in the Reference Appendix RA4.4.9 shall be used: February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 58 of 74 EXHIBIT 5 A. For systems serving individual dwelling units, the water heating system shall meet the requirement of either i, ii,...QL iii;_, iv, or v: i. One or more ga5 or propane iR5tantaneou5 water heater with an input c:>}200,000 Btu per hour or .'e55 and-no 5torage tank. ii. A 5ing.'e ga5 or propane 5torage type water heater with an input of 75,000 Btu per hour or .'e55, rated-volume .'e55 than or equa.' to 55 ga.'.'on5 and-that meet5 the requirement5 afSectioR5 110.1 and- 110.3. The €1-we.'Jing unit 5ha.'.' have iR5ta.'Jed-fene5tration pro6'-uct5 with a weighted-average U factor no greater than 0.24, and-in ad-€1-ition one of the fo!towing 5hal.' be iR5taUed-: a. A compact hot water d-i5tribution 5y5tem that i5 fie.le 11erified-a5 5pecified-in the Reference Append-ix RA 4. 4.16; or b. A drain water heat recovery 5Y5tem that i5 fie.'€1-verified-a5 5pecified-in the Reference Appendix RA3. 6.9. iii. A 5ing.'e g05 or propane 5torage t},r.pe water heater with an input of 75,000 Btu per hour or le55, rated-volume of more than 55 gaJ.'oR5. f-1.h_i. _A single heat pump water heater. The storage tank shall be located in the garage or conditioned space. In addition, one of the following: a. A compact hot water distribution system as specified in the Reference Appendix RA4.4.6 and a drain water heat recovery system that is field verified as specified in the Reference Appendix RA3.6.9; or b. For Oimate Zone5 2 through 15, a6 photovoltaic system capacity of 0.3 kWdc larger than the requirement specified in Section 150.1{c)14j-fH &b. For Climate Zone5 1 and-16, a photo•,10.'taic 5}'5tem capacity of 1.1 kWd-c Jarger than the requirement 5pecified-in Section 150.1 {c}l 4. l.L__A single heat pump water heater that meets the requirements of NEEA Advanced Water Heater Specification Tier 3 or higher. The storage tank shall be located in the garage or conditioned space. !n ad-€1-ition, for C.'imate Zone5 1 and-16, a photovoJtaic 5Y5teffl capacit},1 c:>J 0.3 kWd-c larger than the requirement 5pecified-in Section 150.l{c}l 4 or a compact hot water cf.i5tribution 5Y5tem 05 5pecified-in the Reference Append-i-x RA 4. 4. 6. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 59 of 74 EXHIBIT 5 v.iii. A solar water-heating system meeting the installation criteria specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA4 and either a minimum solar savings fraction of 0.60 or a minimum 40 square feet of collectors. B. For systems serving multiple dwelling units, a central water-heating system that includes the following components shall be installed: i. Gas or propane water heating system; and ii. A recirculation system that meets the requirements of Sections 110.3{c}2 and 110.3{c}5, includes two or more separate recirculation loops serving separate dwelling units, and is capable of automatically controlling the recirculation pump operation based on measurement of hot water demand and hot water return temperature; and EXCEPTION to Section 150.l(c)BBii: Buildings with eight or fewer dwelling units may use a single recirculation loop. iii. A solar water-heating system meeting the installation criteria specified in Reference Residential Appendix RA4 and with a minimum solar savings fraction of either a orb below: a. A minimum solar savings fraction of 0 . .JfJ-60 in dimete Zones 1 through 9 or a minimum solar savings fraction of 0.35 in dimate Zones 10 through 1Gof 40 square feet of collectors; or b. A minimum solar savings fraction of 0.4-S-40in Climate Zones 1 through 9 or a minimum solar savings fraction o-f 0.30 in dimate Zones 10 through 1G. In addition, a drain water heat recovery system that is field verified as specified in the Reference Appendix RA3.6.9. C. A water-heating system serving multiple dwelling units determined by the Executive Director to use no more energy than the one specified in subsection B above. Section 18.30.190 California Energy Code Subchapter 9 amended -Energy efficiency in existing residential buildings Add Section 18.30.190 as follows: February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 60 of 74 EXHIBIT 5 18.30.190 California Energy Code Section Subchapter 9 amended -Energy efficiency in existing residential buildings. Section 150.2 of the California Energy Code is amended to add paragraph (d) as follows: (d) All additions and alterations of residential buildings with a building permit valuation of$60,000 or higher shall include one of the following energy efficiency measures: 1. Additions and alterations of single family residential buildings built before 1978 shall include one of the following: A. Duct sealing pursuant to 2016 Title 24 Section 150.2(b)1E without verification by a Home Energy Rating System (HERS) rater. All exceptions as stated in 2016 Title 24 Section 150.2(b)1E are allowed. Projects that require duct sealing as part of an HVAC alteration or replacement must meet all of the requirements of Title 24, Part 61 including HERS rater verification. B. Attic insulation with a minimum of R-38 rating. Buildings without vented attic spaces and buildings with existing attic insulation levels greater than R-5 are exempt from this attic insulation energy efficiency measure. C. Cool roof with an aged solar reflectance of greater than or equal to 0.25 and a thermal emittance of greater than or equal to 0.75. All exceptions as stated in 2016 Title 24 Section 150.2(b)1Hi for steep slope roofs and 150.2(b)1Hii for low slope roofs are allowed. Only areas of roof that are to be re-roofed subject to the cool roof upgrade. Proiects that are not installing a new roof as part of the scope are exempt from this cool roof energy efficiency measure. 2. Additions and alterations of single family residential buildings built in 1978 or after shall include one of the following: A. A lighting package consisting of: i. replacement all interior and exterior screw-in {A -base) incandescent and halogen lamps with screw-in LED lamps; and, ii. installation of manual-on automatic-off vacancy sensors that meet Title 24 Section 110.9(b)4C in all bathrooms, bedrooms, offices, laundry rooms, utility rooms, and garages. Spaces which already include vacancy sensors, motions sensors, or dimmers do not need to install new Title 24 Section 110.9(b)4C sensors. B. A water heating package consisting of: February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 61 of 74 3. EXHIBIT 5 i. addition of exterior insulation meeting a minimum of R-6 to storage water heaters 20 gallons are larger in size, except ifinsulation installation would void the water heater warranty; and, ii. insulation of all accessible hot water pipes with pipe insulation a minimum of 0. 75 inches in thickness. This includes insulating the supply pipe leaving the water heater, piping to faucets underneath sinks, and accessible pipes in attic spaces and crawlspaces; and, 111. upgrading of fitting in sinks and showers to meet current CALGreen (Title 24, Part 11 of the California Building Code) standards, except for fixtures with rated flow rates no more than 10 percent greater than current CALGreen standards. Additions and alterations of multi-family residential buildings built before 1978 shall include attic insulation with a minimum of R-38 rating. Buildings without vented attic spaces and buildings with existing attic insulation levels greater than R-5 are exempt from this attic insulation energy efficiency measure. 4. Additions and alterations of multi-family residential buildings built between 1978 and 1990 shall include one of the following: A. Duct sealing pursuant to 2016 Title 24 Section 150.2(b)1E without verification by a HERS rater. All exceptions as stated in 2016 Title 24 Section 150.2(b)1E are allowed. Projects that require duct sealing as part of an HVAC alteration or replacement must meet all of the requirements of Title 24, Part 61 including HERS rater verification. B. Attic insulation with a minimum of R-38 rating. Buildings without vented attic spaces and buildings with existing attic insulation levels greater than R-5 are exempt from this attic insulation energy efficiency measure. C. Cool roof with an aged solar reflectance of greater than or equal to 0.25 and a thermal emittance of greater than or equal to 0. 75. All exceptions as stated in 2016 Title 24 Section 150.2(b)1Hi for steep slope roofs and 150.2(b)1Hii for low slope roofs are allowed. Only areas of roof that are to be re-roofed are subject to the cool roof upgrade. Projects that are not installing a new roof as part of the scope are exempt from this cool roof energy efficiency measure. 5. Additions and alterations of multi-family residential buildings built after 1991 shall include one of the following: A. A lighting package consisting of: i. replacement all interior and exterior screw-in (A-base) incandescent and halogen lamps with screw-in LED lamps; and, February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 62 of 74 EXHIBIT 5 ii. installation of manual-on automatic-off vacancy sensors that meet Title 24 Section 110.9(b)4C in all bathrooms, bedrooms, offices, laundry rooms, utility rooms, and garages. Spaces which already include vacancy sensors, motions sensors, or dimmers do not need to install new Title 24 Section 110.9(b)4C sensors. B. A water heating package consisting of: i. addition of exterior insulation meeting a minimum ofR-6 to storage water heaters 20 gallons are larger in size, except for buildings with central water heating systems or ifinsulation installation would void the water heater warranty; and, ii. insulation of all accessible hot water pipes with pipe insulation a minimum of 0. 75 inches in thickness. This includes insulating the supply pipe leaving the water heater, piping to faucets underneath sinks, and accessible pipes in attic spaces and crawlspaces; and, iii. upgrading of fittings in sinks and showers to meet current CALGreen standards, except for fixtures with rated flow rates no more than ten percent greater than current CALGreen standards. Note: To the extent the provisions of Section 150.2/d) conflict with any other provisions of the California Energy Code, then the most energy conserving provisions shall supersede and control. Exception to Section l 50.2(d): The requirement for inclusion of energy efficiency measures does not apply to residential buildings that receive a rating of seven (7) or higher on the U.S. Department of Energy's Home Energy Score rating system based upon an assessment by a Home Energy Score Certified Assessor, to the satisfaction of the Building Official. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 63 of 74 PROPOSED TEXT CHANGES TO CARLSBAD MUNICIPAL CODE CHAPTER 18.21 ELECTRIC VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE Legend to proposed text amendments: EXHIBIT 6 1. Existing Carlsbad Municipal Code (CMC) language appears as regular upright text. 2. New CMC language is underlined. 3. Excerpts from the California Green Building Standards Code (CALGreen) added to the CMC are shown in italics. 4. Carlsbad additions to CALGreen are underlined, and deletions are shown in stril~eout . . I Chapter 18.21 List of Sections I Amend Chapter 18.21 List of Sections to add references to new sections as follows: Sections: 18.21.010 18.21.020 18.21.030 18.21.120 18.21.140 18.21.150 Adoption. Building official designated. Permit fees. California Green Building Standards Code Chapter 2 amended -Definitions California Green Building Standards Code Chapter 4 amended -Residential electric vehicle charging California Green Building Standards Code Chapter S amended -Nonresidential electric vehicle charging Section 18.21.010 I Amend Section 18.21.010 as follows: 18.21.010 Adoption. The 2016 California Green Building Standards Code copyrighted by the California Building Standards Commission, together with those amendments, exceptions, additions and deletions incorporated into this chapter, is adopted by reference as the Green Building Standards Code of the City of Carlsbad. Section 18.21.120 I Add Section 18.21.120 as follows: 18.21.120 California Green Building Standards Code Chapter 2 amended -Definitions. Section 202 of the California Green Building Standards Code is amended to add the following definitions: February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 64 of 74 EXHIBIT 6 EVSE CAPABLE. An electric vehicle charging space {EV space) installed with a fisted raceway capable of accommodating a 208/240-volt dedicated branch circuit. The raceway shall not be less than trade size 1 {nominal 1-inch inside diameter). The raceway shall originate at the main service or subpanel and shall terminate into a fisted cabinet, box or enclosure in close proximity to the proposed location of the EV spaces. Construction documents shall identify the raceway termination point. The service panel and/or subpanel shall provide capacity to install a 40-ampere minimum dedicated branch circuit and space{s) reserved to permit installation of a branch circuit overcurrent protective device. EVSE INSTALLED. An electric vehicle charging space {EV space) installed with a dedicated 208/240-volt branch circuit, including a I isted raceway, electrical panel capacity, overcurrent protective device, wire, and receptacle. Receptacle shall be equipped with electric vehicle supply equipment {EVSE). The raceway shall not be less than trade size 1 {nominal 1-inch inside diameter) and is required to be continuous at enclosed, inaccessible or concealed areas and spaces. The branch circuit and associated overcurrent protective device shall be rated at 40 amperes minimum. Other electrical components, including receptacle and EVSE, related to this section shall be installed in accordance with the California Electrical Code. EVSE READY. An electric vehicle charging space {EV space) installed with a dedicated 208/240-volt branch circuit, including a listed raceway, electrical panel capacity, overcurrent protective device, wire, and termination point such as a receptacle or blank cover. The raceway shall not be less than trade size 1 {nominal 1-inch inside diameter) and is required to be continuous at enclosed, inaccessible or concealed areas and spaces. The termination point shall be in close proximity to the proposed location of an EV charger. The branch circuit and associated overcurrent protective device shall be rated at 40 amperes minimum. Other electrical components, including a receptacle or blank cover, related to this section shall be installed in accordance with the California Electrical Code. MAJOR RESIDENTIAL RENOVATIONS. Alterations and additions to existing residential structures and construction sites where: {A) for one and two family dwellings and townhouses with attached private garages, alterations have a building permit valuation equal to or greater than $60,000 or include an electrical service panel upgrade; or {BJ for multifamily dwellings {three dwelling units or more), alterations have a building permit valuation equal to or greater than $200,000, interior finishes are removed and significant site work and upgrades to structural and mechanical, electrical, and/or plumbing systems are proposed. Significant site work as used herein means site alterations that: require a grading permit pursuant to Carlsbad Municipal Code Chapter 15.16; rehabilitate or install 2,500 square feet or more of/andscapinq; or repave, replace or add 2,500 square feet or more of vehicle parking and drive area. Section 18.21.140 I Add Section 18.21.140 as follows: February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 65 of 74 EXHIBIT 6 18.21.140 California Green Building Standards Code Chapter 4 amended -Residential electric vehicle charging. A. Section 4.102 of the California Green Building Standards Code is amended to read as follows: SECTION 4.102 DEFINITIONS 4.102.1 Definitions. The following terms are defined in Chapter 2. EVSE CAPABLE. EVSE INSTALLED. EVSE READY. FRENCH DRAIN. MAJOR RESIDENTIAL RENOVATIONS. WATTLES. B. Section 4.106.4 of the California Green Building Standards Code is amended to read as follows: 4.106.4 Electric vehicle (EV) charging for new construction and major residential renovations. New construction and maior residential renovations shall comply with Sections 4.106.4.1, 4.106.4.2, or 4.106.4.3, to facilitate future installation and use of EV chargers. Electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) shall be installed in accordance with the California Electrical Code, Article 625. Exceptions: L_On a case-by-case basis, where. the local enforcing agency has determined EV charging and infrastructure are not feasible based upon one or more of the following conditions: 1.1. Where there is no commercial power supply. 1.2. Where there is evidence substantiating that meeting the requirements will alter the local utility infrastructure design requirements on the utility side of the meter so as to increase the utility side cost to the homeowner or the developer by more than $400.00 per ew-cUinf} f:H'Hfparkinq space. 2. Accessory Dwelling Units (ADU) and Junior Accessory Dwelling Units {}ADU) without additional parking facilities. 3. Where major residential renovations for one and two family dwellings, and townhouses with attached private garages, do not include an electrical service panel upgrade, the requirements of Section 4.106.4.1 shall apply to February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 66 of 74 EXHIBIT 6 the maximum extent that does not require an electrical service panel upgrade. 4. In major residential renovations, where there is evidence substantiating that meeting the requirements of this section presents an unreasonable hardship or is technically infeasible, the Building Official may consider an appeal from the project sponsor to reduce the number of EV spaces required or provide for EV charging elsewhere. 4.106.4.1 New one-and two-family dwellings and townhouses with attached private garages and major residential renovations. For each dwelling unit, install one EVSE Ready space.For eacf:I €/welJinf} unit, install a listed raceway to accoFRFRodate a der:iicated 208/240 vott erancf:I circuit. The racew-ay sf:lat! not ee fess tf:lan trade size 1 (noFRinat 1 incf:I inside cl-.iaFReter). The racev.ia}' sf:lat.' o,r:ff}inate at tf:le FRain sen•fr;e or suepanet and sf:lat! terminate into a listed caeinet, e~c or otf:ler endosure in dose f)Fa.<iFRity to tf:le proposed location of an E'I cf:larf}er. Raceways are required to ee continuous at endosed, inaccessie!e or concealed area-s and spaces. The service pane! and/or suepanel sf:laJI p.ro~·ide capacity to install a 40 aFRpere FRiniFRuFR dedicated erancf:I circuit and space(s) resen·ed to peFFRit installation <=>fa erancf:I circuit 01,1er current protecti~·e de~·ice. 4.106.4.1.1 Identification. The service panel or subpanel circuit directory shall identify the overcurrent protective device space(s) reserveddesiqnated for future EV charging purposes as "EV CAPABLER EADY" in accordance with the California Electrical Code. The raceway terFRination !ocationreceptacle or blank cover shall be identified sf:la!I ee pen=rwnent!y and visiely FRm=ked as "EV CAPABLER EADY". 4.106.4.2 New multifamily dwellings and major residential renovations. Where 17 or FRore FRu!tijaFRif}' dwe!!inf} units are constructed on a eui!dinf} site, 3 /(residential parking is available, ten (10) percent of the total number of parking spaces on a building site provided for all types of parking facilities, eut in no case fess tf:lan one, shall be electric vehicle charging spaces (EV spaces) capable of supporting installed and future EVSE. Calculations for the required number of EV spaces and EVSE Installed spaces shall be rounded up to the nearest whole number. Note: Construction documents are intended to demonstrate the project's capability and capacity for facilitating future EV charging. Except for EVSE Installed spaces, t+here is no requirement for EV spaces to be constructed or available until EV chargers are installed for use. 4.106.4.2.1 Electric vehicle charging space (EV space) locations. Construction documents shall indicate the location of proposed EV spaces. Where common use parking is provided AQt least one EVSE Installed space shall be located in the common use parking areas-and shall be available for use by all residents. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 67 of 74 EXHIBIT 6 4.106.4.2.1.1 Electric vehicle charging stations (EVCS). When EV chargers are installed, EV spaces required by Section 4.106.4.2.2, Item 3, shall comply with at least one of the following options: 1. The EV space shall be located adjacent to an accessible parking space meeting the requirements of the California Building Code, Chapter 11A, to allow use of the EV charger from the accessible parking space. L_The EV space shall be located on an accessible route, as defined in the California Building Code, Chapter 2, to the building. Exception: Electric vehicle charging stations designed and constructed in compliance with the California Building Code, Chapter 118, are not required to comply with Section 4.106.4.2.1.1 and Section 4.106.4.2.2, Item 3. 4.106.4.2.2 Electric vehicle charging space (EV space) dimensions. The EV spaces shall be designed to comply with the following: 1. The minimum length of each EV space shall be 18 feet {5486 mm). 2. The minimum width of each EV space shall be 9 feet {2743 mm). 3. One in every 25 EV spaces, but not less than one, shall also have an 8-foot {2438 mm) wide minimum aisle. A 5-foot {1524 mm) wide minimum aisle shall be permitted provided the minimum width of the EV space is 12 feet {3658 mm). a. Surface slope for this EV space and the aisle shall not exceed 1 unit vertical in 48 units horizontal (2.083 percent slope) in any direction. 4.106.4.2.3 Single EV space required. When a single EV space is required, it shall be an EVSE Installed space. 4.106.4.2.4 Multiple EV spaces required. When multiple EV spaces are required, fifty (50) percent, but in no case less than one, shall be EVSE Installed spaces. The remainder of the required EV spaces may be EVSE Installed, EVSE Ready, or EVSE Capable spaces. 4.106.4.2.4.1 Construction Documents. Construction documents shall indicate the raceway termination point and proposed location of future EV spaces and EV chargers. Construction documents shall also provide information on amperage of future EVSE, raceway method(s), wiring schematics and electrical load calculations to verify that the electrical panel service capacity and electrical system, including any on-site distribution transformer(s}, have sufficient capacity to simultaneously charge all £Vs at all -required EV spaces at the full rated amperage of the EVSE. Plan design shall February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 68 of 74 EXHIBIT 6 be based upon a 40-ampere minimum branch circuit. Raceways and related components that are planned to be installed underground, enclosed, inaccessible or in concealed areas and spaces shall be installed at the time of original construction. 4.106.4.2.5 Identification. The service panel or subpanel circuit directory shall identify the overcurrent protective device space(s) reserved for future EV charging purposes as "EV CAPABLE" in accordance with the California Electrical Code. l . TRe Ce!iforRiGI De13artmeRt af TFGIRS/30rtG1tioR G1€J.013ts GIRGJ. /31:Jbtis/:ies the "Ce!ifomiGI A4GIRl:JGI! OR URiform TrafjiG CoRtr:ol De•liGCS (Ce!iforRiGI MUTCD-)" to f:)rDb•iGJ.e l:JRijorm stG1R€J.G1ffi.s GIRGJ. Sf:)eGijiGGltiORS for at! offiGiat troff.'€ GORtrot €J.eb1iGes iR CelifoFRiGI. Zero E-missioR 'lehide Si(jJRS GIRGJ. PGlb'eFReRt P,4GlrkiR(jJS GGIR be fol:JRGJ. iR the New Po/ides & DireGtives N-1:Jmber 13 01. l#ebsite: http://www.GJ.ot.rn.gov/traf{iGo@5/fJotiGy/13 ~ 2. See 'lehide CoGJ.e SeGtiOR 22S11 for E-'I GhGl,'f}iR(jJ Sf3Gl€e Si(jJRGl(jJe iR off street f:)GIFkiR(jJ faGitities GIRGJ. for b/Se of fl' GhGlr(jJiR(jJ Sf:)GIGCS. 3. The Govemor's OjfiGe of PlaRRiR(jJ aRGJ. ResearGh (QPR) 131:JbtisheGJ. a "Zero E-missioR Vehide ComFRl:JRity ReaGJ.iRess G1:Ji€J.ebook" whiGh 13ro11-i€J.es he,'-1,f1:J! informatioR for !OGGI! (jJOb'eFRFReRts, resiGJ.eRts GIRGJ. bl:JSiResses. Website: http://4Jf3(. €GI. qobr/fi.0€5/ZE-'I G1:Ji€J.ebook. pGJ.f. 4.106.4.3 New hotels and motels. All newly constructed hotels and motels shall provide EV spaces capable of supporting installed and future installation of EVSE. The construction documents shall identify the location of the EV spaces. Note&:_- 1. Construction documents are intended to demonstrate the project's capability and capacity for facilitating future EV charging. Except for EVSE Installed spaces, b !+here is no requirement for EV spaces to be constructed or available until EV chargers are installed for use. 4.106.4.3.1 Number of required EV spaces. The number of required EV spaces and EVSE Installed spaces shall be based on the total number of parking spaces provided for all types of parking facilities in accordance with Table 4.106.4.3.1. Calculations for the required number of EV spaces and EVSE Installed spaces shall be rounded up to the nearest whole number. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 69 of 74 EXHIBIT 6 TABLE 4.106.4.3.1 TOTAL NUMBER OF NUMBER OF REQUIRED EV NUMBER OF REQUIRED PARKING SPACES SPACES EVSE INSTALLED SPACES 0-9 Ql 1 10-25 42 1 26-50 ~ 2 51-75 46 3 76-100 &9 5 101-150 +12 6 151-200 M17 9 201 and over e-10 percent of total 50 e.ercent ot required EV se.aces 4.106.4.3.2 Electric vehicle charging space (EV space) dimensions. The EV spaces shall be designed to comply with the following: 1. The minimum length of each EV space shall be 18 feet (5486 mm). 2. The minimum width of each EV space shall be 9 feet {2743 mm). 4.106.4.3.3 Single EV space required. When a single EV space is required, it shall be an fRe-EVSE Installed space s/:Je!i ee desigRed iR ecGOrdeRce ~•,t.it/:J SectioR 4.106.4.2.3. 4.106.4.3.4 Multiple EV spaces required. When multiple EV spaces are required_ e.er Table 4.106.4.3.1, the correse.ondinq number otEVSE Installed se.aces are required to be installed at the time ot construction. the EV s13eces s/:Je!i ee desigRed iR eccord-eRce vlit/:J SectioR 4.106. 4.2. 4. The remainder ot the EV se.aces required e.er Table 4.106.4.3.1 may be EVSE Installed, EVSE Ready, or EVSE Coe.able se.aces. 4.106.4.3.4.1 Construction documents. Construction documents shall indicate the raceway termination e.oint and e.roe.osed location ot tuture EV se.aces and EV chargers. Construction documents shall also e.rovide information on ame.eraqe oUuture EVSE, raceway method{s), wiring schematics and electrical load calculations to verify that the electrical e.anel service cae.acity and electrical system, including any on-site distribution transtormer(s), have sufficient cae.acity to simultaneously charge all EVs at all required EV se.aces at the tu/I rated ame.erage ot the EVSE. Plan design shall be based ue.on a 40-ame.ere minimum branch circuit. Raceways and related come.onents that are e.lanned to be installed underground, enclosed, inaccessible or in concealed areas and se.aces shall be installed at the time ot original construction. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 70 of 74 EXHIBIT 6 4.106.4.3.5 Identification. The service panels or subpanels shall be identified in accordance with Section 4.106.4.2.5. 4.106.4.3.6 Accessible EV spaces. In addition to the requirements in Section 4.106.4.3, EV spaces for hotels/motels and all EVSE, when installed, shall comply with the accessibility provisions for EV charging stations in the California Building Code, Chapter 118. Notes: 1. The California Department of Transportation adopts and publishes the "California Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices {California MUTCD}" to provide uniform standards and specifications for all official traffic control devices in California. Zero Emission Vehicle Signs and Pavement Markings can be found in the New Policies & Directives Number 13-01. Website: http://www.dot.ca.gov/ trafficops/policy.html. 2. See Vehicle Code Section 22511 for EV charging space signage in off- street parking facilities and for use of EV charging spaces. 3. The Governor's Office of Planning and Research {OPR) published a "Zero-Emission Vehicle Community Readiness Guidebook" which provides helpful information for local governments, residents and businesses. Website: https://opr.ca.gov/docs/ZEV_ Guidebook.pdf. 4. The Governor's lnteragency Working Group on Zero-Emission Vehicles, 2016, "2016 ZEV Action Plan, An Updated Roadmap toward 1.5 Million Zero-Emission Vehicles on California Roadways by 2025." https://www.gov.ca.gov/ docs/2016_ZEV_Action_Plan.pdf. Section 18.21.150 I Add Section 18.21.150 as follows: 18.21.150 California Green Building Standards Code Chapter 5 amended -Nonresidential electric vehicle charging. A. Section 5.102 of the California Green Building Standards Code is amended to read as follows: SECTION 5.102 DEFINITIONS 5.102.1 Definitions. The following terms are defined in Chapter 2. CUTOFF LUM/NA/RES. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 71 of 74 EXHIBIT 6 EVSE CAPABLE. EVSE INSTALLED. EVSE READY. LOW-EMITTING AND FUEL EFFICIENT VEHICLES. NEIGHBORHOOD ELECTRIC VEHICLES. TENANT-OCCUPANTS. VANPOOL VEHICLE. ZEV. 8. Section 5.106.5.3 of the California Green Building Standards Code is amended to read as follows: 5.106.5.3 Electric vehicle (EV) charging. [NJ Construction shall comply with Section 5.106.5.3.1 or Section 5.106.5.3.2 to facilitate installation and future installation of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE). When EVSE(s) is/are installed, it shall be in accordance with the California Building Code, the California Electrical Code and as follows: 5.106.5.3.1 Single charging space requirements. [NJ When only a single charging space is required per Table 5.106.5.3.3, a dedicated 208/240 v-ott hraRch circuit, iRctudiRq raceway, e.lectrica! paRe! capacity, 01.•ercurreRt protectiv-es, w-ire, aRd receptac.le is required. Receptacle shalt ee equipped with e.lectric •,ref:lic!e supph• equipmeRt {E'lSE)a racewa)' is reEfuired to he iRstatted at the time of coRStructioR aRdone EVSE Installed space shall be installed in accordance with the California Electrical Code. CoRstructioR p,1aRs aRd specificatioRs shaU iRctude, hut are Rot Jimited to, the foUowiRg: 1. Tf:le type aRd JocatioR of the E'ISE. 2. A Jisted racewa)' capahle of accommodatiRg'ftilll. a 208/240 v-o!t dedicated hraRch clrcuit. 3. 4. Tf:le raceway shat! Rot he less thaR trade size 1.,, Tf:le racew~w shaU origiRate at a serv-ice paRe! or a suhpaRe! seF','iRg the area, aRd sha!i termiRate iR close proomity to the proposed !ocatioR of the chargiRg eEfuipmeRt aRd iRto a listed suitah,1e cahiRet, hf»f, eRclosure or eEfuiva!eRt. ➔.-The service paRel or suhpaRel shaU hav-e sufficieRt capacity to accommodate a miRimum 40 ampere dedicated hraRch circuit for the future iRstaJJatioR of the E'ISE. 5.106.5.3.2 Multiple charging space requirements. [NJ When multiple chargiRg EV spaces are required per Table 5.106.5.3.3l. racewa>•(s} is/arethe corresponding February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 72 of 74 EXHIBIT 6 number of EVSE Installed spaces are required to be installed at the time of construction and shall be installed in accordance with the California Electrical Code. The remainder of the EV spaces required per Table 5.106.5.3.3 may be EVSE Installed, EVSE Ready, or EVSE Capable spaces. 5.106.5.3.2.1 Construction documents. Construction plans and specifications shall include, but are not limited to, the following: 1. The type and location of the EVSE. 2. The raceway(s) shall originate at a service panel or a subpanel(s) serving the area, and shall terminate in close proximity to the proposed location of the charging equipment and into listed suitable cabinet(s), box(es), enclosure(s) or equivalent. 3. Plan design shall be based upon 40-ampere minimum branch circuits. 4. Electrical calculations shall substantiate the design of the electrical system, to include the rating of equipment and any on-site distribution transformers and have sufficient capacity to simultaneously charge all required £Vs at its full rated amperage. 5. The service panel or subpanel(s) shall have sufficient capacity to accommodate the required number of dedicated branch circuit(s) for the future installation of the EVSE. 5.106.5.3.3 EV charging space calculation. [NJ Table 5.106.5.3.3 shall be used to determine if single or multiple charging space requirements apply for the installation and future installation of EVSE. Exceptions: On a case-by-case basis where the local enforcing agency has determined EV charging and infrastructure is not feasible based upon one or more of the following conditions: 1. Where there is insufficient electrical supply. 2. Where there is evidence suitable to the local enforcing agency substantiating that additional local utility infrastructure design requirements, directly related to the implementation of Section 5.106.5.3, may adversely impact the construction cost of the project. TABLE 5.106.5.3.3 TOTAL NUMBER OF NUMBER OF REQUIRED EV NUMBER OF REQUIRED ACTUAL PARKING EVSE INSTALLED SPACES- SPACES QIARt;IPJ.t; SPACES e-Q.IJ.IPPelJ IIJIJ:H. e-"1/Se- 0-9 Ql 1 February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 73 of 74 EXHIBIT 6 10-25 42 1 26-50 -24-2 51-75 46 3 76-100 &9 5 101-150 7-12 6 151-200 .W17 9 50 12.ercent ot required 201 and over 6-1.Q_percent of tota/1 EVSE Installed GRE1ffJ.iRfl. s12.aces1 1. Calculation for EV spaces and EVSE Installed spaces shall be rounded up to the nearest whole number. 5.106.5.3.4 [NJ Identification. The service panel or subpanel(s) circuit directory shall identify the reserved overcurrent protective device space(s) for future EV charging as "EV CAPABLE". The raceway termination location shall be permanently and visibly marked as ''EV CAPABLE." 5.106.5.3.5 [NJ Future charging spaces qualify as designated parking as described in Section 5.106.5.2 Designated parking for clean air vehicles. Notes: e:-_1. __ The California Department of Transportation adopts and publishes the California Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (California MUTCD) to provide uniform standards and specifications for all official traffic control devices in California. Zero Emission Vehicle Signs and Pavement Markings can be found in the New Policies & Directives number 13-01. www.dot.ca.gov/hq/traffops/policy/13-01.pdf. h L_See Vehicle Code Section 22511 for EV charging spaces signage in off-street parking facilities and for use of EV charging spaces. 8:-L_The Governor's Office of Planning and Research published a Zero- Emission Vehicle Community Readiness Guidebook which provides helpful information for local governments, residents and businesses. www.opr.ca.gov/docs/ZEV_ Guidebook.pdf. February 26, 2019 Item #3 Page 74 of 74 The Coast News Decreed A Legal Newspaper by the Superior Court of San Diego County. Mail all correspondence regarding public notice advertising to: The Coast News P.O. Box 232550 Encinitas, CA 92023 (760) 436-9737 Proof of Publication STATE OF CALIFORNIA, ss. COUNTY OF SAN DIEGO, I am a citizen of the United States and a resident of the county aforesaid; I am over the age of eighteen years, and not a party to or interested in the above entitled matter. I am principal clerk of the printer of The Coast News, a newspaper printed and published weekly and which newspaper has been adjudged a newspaper of general circulation for the cities of Carmel Valley, Del Mar, Solana Beach, Encinitas/Cardiff, Carlsbad, Oceanside, Vista, San Marcos, Escondido, the County of San Diego and the County Judicial District by the Superior Court of the State of California, County of San Diego (8/4/94, #677114, B2393, P396); and that the notice, of which the annexed is a printed copy, has been published in, each regular and entire issue of said newspaper and not in any supplement thereof on the following dates, to-wit: Februarv 15 2019 I certify under penalty of perjury that the foregoing is true and correct. Executed at Encinitas, County of San Diego, State of California on this 15th of February 2019. RECEIVED FEB 2 2 2019 C!TY OF CARLSBAD CITY CLERK'S OFFICE Space above for County Clerk's Filing Stamp CITY OF CARLSBAD NOTICE OF PUBLIC HEARING NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN to you, because your inter~st may be affected, that tJ?.e City Council of the City of Carlsbad will hold a public he~g at the Council Cham.Per. 1200 Carlsbad Village Drive, Carlsbad, California, at 6:00 p.m. on Tuesday, February 26, 2019, to consider approving amendments to Carlsbad Municipal Code Title 18, Building Codes and -Regulations, as summarized below. The purpose of these amendments is to implement various Climate ActionPJan (CAP) measures intended·to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions that come from residential and nonresidential energy consumption, as well from transportation by Carlsbad employees. Generally, the ordinances would ·apply to new construction and major renovations of existing buildings as indicated in the summary table. . . PROPOSED MUNICIPAL CODE AMENDMENT SUMMARY CLIMATE ACTION PLAN ORDINANCES Related Applies to: Ordinance Description CAP Residential Nonresidential -Measures· New Renovation New Renovation Energy EffiC:iency Meet CalGreen Tier 1 measures energy efficiency or install D-3, E, F-3 ■ ■ ■ packaged improvements Photovoltaic Minimum PV system systems based oh building size or B-1, B-2 ■ ■ electricity use · Alterna~ive .Solar wat~r or heat pump water heating water heating systems to J-2 ■ ■ reduce gas use Electric vehicle Up to 10% parking spaces charging to support EV L-5, L-6 ■ ■ ■ Transportation Reduce the number of demand single-occupancy vehicle K-1, K-2 ■ ■ management trips by employees On September 22, 2015, the Carlsbad City Council certified a program environmental impact repon (EIR 13-02) in . compliance with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). The program EIR. 13-02 evaluated-.rhe potential environmental effects of CAP implementation, including adoption and enforcement of various ordinances and pro- grams ~tended to reduce GHG. The City Planner bas reviewed the proposed ordinances and determined that: 1) adoption of these ordinances is a subsequent activity of the CAP for which program EIR 13-02 was prepared; 2) this activity is within the scope of the approved CAP and is adequately 'described in program EIR 13·02 for the purposes of CEQA Section 15168(c)(2) and (e); 3) the activity has no new Significant environmental effect not analyzed as significant in J)rogramEIR. 13:02; and 4) none of the circumstances requiring a subsequent or a supplemental EIR. under CEQA Guidelines sections 15162 or 15163 exist. Therefore, no funher environmental review under CEQA is required. Those persons wishing to speak on this proposal are cordially invited to attend the public hearing. Copies of the staff repon will be available on and after February 22, 2019. If you have any questions, please contact Mike Grim. Climate Action Plan J\dministrator at (760) 602-4623 or mike.grim@carlsbadca.gov. If you challenge the Municipal Code Amendments in court, you may be limited to raising only those ·iss·ues you or someone el~e raised at the public hearing described in this notice or in written correspondence delivered to the City of Carlsbad, Attn: City Clerk's Office, 1200 Carlsl?ad Village Drive, Carlsbad, CA 92008, at or prior to the public · hearing. CASEFII.E, CASE NAME,· PUl!LISH, MCA 17-0002 (PU1!17Y-0013) CLIMATE ACTION PLAN ORDINANCES FEBRUARY 15, 2019 CITY OF CARLSBAD CITY COUNCIL 02115/19 CN 22888 ~ '• I AVERY 5160 : North County Advocates 7668 El Camino Real Real, Ste 104-258 Carlsbad, CA 92009 Associated General Contractors of San Diego . 6212 Ferris Square San Diego, CA 92121 Bret Farrow Brett Farrow Architect Inc. 125 Mozart Ave · Cardiff-by-the-Sea, CA 92007 Kevin Hovey : California Department of • Transportation ; 4050 Taylor Street · ' San Diego, CA 92110 1 Michelle Herrera · Carlsbad Chamber of Commerce , 5934 Priestly Dr • Carlsbad, CA 92008 Colin Parent Circulate San Diego , 1111 6th Avenue, #402 : San Diego, CA 92101 ! Jeff Hunt · City of Oceanside 300 North Coast Highway · Oceanside, CA 92054 I John Conley I City of Vista : 200 Civic Center Drive ! Vista, CA 92084 Matthew 0. Tucker North County Transit District 810 Mission Avenue • Oceanside, CA 92054 ' Paul Clanon I Public Utilities Commission (PUC) 1 505 Van Ness Avenue San Francisco, CA 94102 I Pat: avery.com/patents : Easy Peel''Address Labels : Bend along line to expose Pop-up Edge· I Everett Delano Delano & Delano 220 W. Grand Ave Escondido, CA 92025 Barrio Neighborhood Group 1200 Carlsbad Village Dr. ·Carlsbad, CA 92008 Michael Mcsweeney Building Industry Assoc. (BIA) San Diego 9201 Spectrum Center Blvd., Ste 110 San Diego, CA 92123 Ted Owen Carlsbad Chamber of Commerce 5934 Priestly Dr Carlsbad, CA 92008 ··· Tim Stripe Carlsbad Chamber of Commerce 5900 Pasteur Ct Carlsbad,CA 92008 Karen Brust City of Encinitas 505 S. Vulcan Avenue Encinitas, CA 92024 Kyel Koger City of Oceanside 4927 Oceanside Boulevard Oceanside, CA 92054 Mark Wardlaw County of San Diego 5510 Overland Ave., Suite 310 San Diego, CA 92123 Ernie Cowan North San Diego County Association of REALTORS 906 Sycamore Avenue, Ste 104 Vista, CA 92081 Adam Robinson RAF Pacifica Group 111 C St. #200 Encinitas, CA 92024 Etiquettes d'adresse Easy Peel"' : Repliez a la hachure afin de reveler le rebord Pop-up' 1 Go to avery.com/templates : I Dawn Quisenberry I AIA San Diego Use Avery Template 5160 1 233 A Street, Ste 200 San Diego, CA 92101 Judy Franke l Bike Walk Carlsbad 4901 E El Camino Real Carlsbad,CA 92008 Deborah Lee California Coastal Commission 7575 Metropolitan Drive, Ste 103 San Diego, CA 92108 Ahmed Haque Carlsbad Chamber of Commerce 5934 Priestly Dr Carlsbad, CA 92008 ·. Christine Davis Carlsbad Village Association 300 Carlsbad Village Drive, Ste. 108-A #135 . Carlsbad,CA 92008 Brenda Wisneski City of Encinitas 505 S. Vulcan Ave. Encinitas, CA 92024 Dahvia Lynch City of San Marcos 1 Civic Center Drive San Marcos, CA 92069 Mark Jugar Institute of Transportation Engineers 5500 Campanile Drive San Diego, CA 92182 David Knox NRG Energy, Inc. 1201 Fannin Street Houston, TX 77002 Kevin Dunn Rincon Homes 3005 S. El Camino Real San Clemente, CA 92672 Allez a avery.ca/gabarits : Utilisez le Gabarit Avery 5160 11 ~ ,, I AVERY 5160 : Allison Wood San Diego Association of Governments 401 B St., Ste 800 San Diego, CA 92101 Robert Kard San Diego County Air Pollution Control District 10124 Old Grove Road '. San Diego, CA 92131 ' Pedro Villegas · San Diego Gas and Electric · 8326 Century Park Court San Diego, CA 92123 I Mark Cafferty : San Diego Regional Economic Development Co rporation · 530 B Street, 7th Fl I • i San Diego, CA 92101 I Pat: avery.com/patents : Easy Peel<!'Address Labels : Bend along line to expose Pop-up Edge· 1 Krystal Ayala San Diego Association of Governments 401 B St., Ste 800 San Diego, CA 92101 Denise Buckingham San Diego County Bicycle Coalition 355 Carlsbad Village Dr. Carlsbad, CA 92008 Debra Rosen San Diego North Chamber of Commerce 10875 Rancho Bernardo Road, Ste 104 , San Diego, CA 92127 Antoinette Meier SANDAG iCommute 401 B Street, Ste 800 San Diego, CA 92101 Mary Lydon Urban Land Institute 2801 B Street, #69 San Diego, CA 92101 Etiquettes d'adresse Easy Peel® : Repliez a la hachure afin de reveler le rebord Pop-up' 1 Go to avery.com/templates : Use Avery Template 5160 1 San Diego Building Owners & Managers Association 2760 Fifth Ave, Suite 215 San Diego, CA 92103 Andy Hanshaw San Diego County Bicycle Coalition PO Box 34544 San Diego, CA 92163 Carl Morgan San Diego North Economic Development Council 950 Boardwalk #303 San Marcos, CA 92078 David Grubb Sierra Club 8304 Clairemont Mesa Blvd #101 San Diego, CA 92111 Allez a avery.ca/gabarits :, Utilisez le Gabarit Avery 5160 1 .--i • I AVERY 5160 : Easy Peel ''Address Labels : Bend along line to expose Pop-up Edge· 1 A BRINKLEY CONSTRUCTION ANDREW CARLOS 1016 PARKER PL ANDREW CARLOS -ARCHITECT VISTA, CA 92084-5642 3327 ADAMS ST CARLSBAD, CA 92008-2502 AXCEL CONSTRUCTION BA WORTHING INC 240 WOODLAWN AVE 640 GRAND AVE . CHULA VISTA, CA 91910-2139 CARLSBAD, CA 92008-2365 · BEACH CITY BUILDERS ' BEACH CITY BUILDERS 2604 EL CAMINO REAL 6241 YARROW DR CARLSBAD, CA 92008-1205 CARLSBAD, CA 92011-1541 BLUE PRINT CONSTRUCTION CA OMAR PARAISO 9921 CARMEL MOUNTAIN RD BOKAL AND SNEED ARCHITECTS , SAN DIEGO, CA 92129-2898 244 9TH ST DEL MAR, CA 92014-2717 1 RICHARD BURNETT BWB CONTRACTORS INC I BURNETT CONSTRUCTION 2317 VISTA ROYAL ; 4551 SLEEPING INDIAN RD VISTA, CA 92084-7315 1 FALLBROOK, CA 92028-8873 I CASE CONSTRUCTION INC CK CONSTRUCTION . 2907 CORTE JARDIN 211 S HAYDEN DR : CARLSBAD, CA 92009-9253 I I ESCONDIDO, CA 92027-3528 I COVINGTON CONSTRUCTION AND CURVA CONSTRUCTION RESTORATION 5558 COYOTE CT 6370 LUSK BLVD CARLSBAD, CA 92010-7156 , SAN DIEGO, CA 92121-2753 : CUSTOM BUILDERS D AND H CONTRACTORS INC I ! 665 NEPTUNE AVE 1030 E WASHINGTON AVE ! ENCINITAS, CA 92024-2022 ESCONDIDO, CA 92025-3246 , DEL RIO CONSTRUCTION AND DESIGN DREAM DESIGN BUILDERS ' INC 11411 W BERNARDO CT • 345 MAIN ST SAN DIEGO, CA 92127-1639 • VISTA, CA 92084-6012 ' DUNCAN BUILDERS INC 7521 JEREZ CT . CARLSBAD, CA 92009-7441 I Pat: avery.com/ patents : BART SMITH DZN PARTNERS 682 2ND ST 1 ENCINITAS, CA 92024-3560 Etiquettes d'adresse Easy Pee l"' : Repliez a la hachure afin de reveler le rebord Pop-up· 1 Go to avery.com/templates :1 Use Avery Template 5160 1 WESLEY NELSON ARTIFEX DESGIN GROUP 6865 PEAR TREE DR CARLSBAD, CA 92011-3937 BA WORTHING INC PO BOX 1041 CARLSBAD, CA 92018-1041 BENTON CONSTRUCTION 2754 AUBURN AVE CARLSBAD, CA 92010-2170 BRASSEUR CONSTRUCTION INC 1640 COOLIDGE AVE NATIONAL CITY, CA 91950-4426 CAROLINE DOOLEY CAROLINE F DOOLEY -ARCHITECT 2979 STATE ST CARLSBAD, CA 92008-2366 COMPOSIUM GROUP 5530 PAPAGALLO DR OCEANSIDE, CA 92057-1948 CUSTOM BUILDERS PO BOX 232694 ENCINITAS, CA 92023-2694 DAVID TAYLOR DEVELOPMENT INC 2371 BUENA VISTA CIR CARLSBAD, CA 92008-1604 DUKES CUSTOM CONSTRUCTION 2769 LOKER AVE W CARLSBAD, CA 92010-6601 GLEN RYAN DARRIE ECLIPSE CONSTRUCTION OF SAN DIEGO 1 6773 HEATH CT CARLSBAD, CA 92011-3318 Allez a avery.ca/gabarits : Utilisez le Gabarit Avery 5160 1 ,---7 • I AVERY 5160 : ECLIPSE CONSTRUCTION OF SAN DIEGO 6773 HEATH CT CARLSBAD, CA 92011-3318 EXTRAORDINARY BUILDERS INC 461 ESTRELITA DR VISTA, CA 92084-7833 GARTH PACKARD CONST INC PO BOX 2223 OCEANSIDE, CA 92051-2223 JAY PEBDANI GREEN LAND CO 1270 PLUM TREE RD CARLSBAD, CA 92011-2505 • HERN ORE INC 8515 LA JOLLA SCENIC DR N 1 LA JOLLA, CA 92037-2142 DEBORAH SHEWOGA 1 IDEAL DESIGN SYSTEMS INC [ 3019 QUEBRADA CIR 1 CARLSBAD, CA 92009-8338 IVAN CAJICA ! IVAN CAJICA i 4677 33RD ST , SAN DIEGO, CA 92116-3391 :JAMES MOE : JAMES T MOE DESIGN SERVICE 13243 AVENIDA ANACAPA ; CARLSBAD, CA 92009-9301 JKCD INC I 1 2655 POINSETTIA DR ! SAN DIEGO, CA 92106-1121 I DON KING 1 KING CONSTRUCTION 1155 OAK AVE CARLSBAD, CA 92008-1928 I Pat· avery.com/patents : I Easy Peel ,·, Address Labels : Bend along line to expose Pop-up Edge· 1 ECO MINDED SOLUTIONS INC 9466 BLACK MOUNTAIN RD SAN DIEGO, CA 92126-4550 GUADALUPE QUIROZ FRIARS REMODELING 1639 FOOTHILL DR VISTA, CA 92084-4711 CHRISTIAN ASDAL GGR ENERGY AND REMODELING 11305 RANCHO BERNARDO RD SAN DIEGO, CA 92127-1400 HAWKINS CONSTRUCTION 2338 POD DR VISTA, CA 92084-7314 HIGHLAND BUILDER SERVICES 2387 FOREST OAKS DR CHULA VISTA, CA 91915-1107 INGUE BY DESIGN PO BOX 13524 LA JOLLA, CA 92039 DARREN MACHULSKY J CHASE BUILDERS INC 3508 WOODLAND WAY CARLSBAD, CA 92008-2560 JEFF PARSHALLE JEFF PARSHALLE ARCHITECT PO BOX 230132 ENCINITAS, 92023 JOHN WALTERS AND ASSOCIATES 6162 PASEO MONONA CARLSBAD, CA 92009-2218 LUMINA BUILDERS INC 4901 MORENA BLVD SAN DIEGO, CA 92117-3434 Etiquettes d 'adresse Easy Peel"' : Repliez a la hachure afin de reveler le rebord Pop-up· 1 Go to avery.com/templates : UseAveryTemplate5160 1 ECS CONSTRUCTION INC 1185 PARK CENTER DR VISTA, CA 92081-8302 GARTH PACKARD CONST INC 600 AIRPORT RD OCEANSIDE, CA 92058-1243 GILBERT CONSTRUCTION 917 LA FIESTA PL SAN MARCOS, CA 92078-4731 HELFRICH CONSTRUCTION INC 4740 RUFFNER ST SAN DIEGO, CA 92111-1576 RICK CONNER HIRE FIRE CONSULTING 4230 CLEARVIEW DR CARLSBAD,CA 92008 INGUE BY DESIGN 5142 34TH ST SAN DIEGO, CA 92116-1728 JACKSON DESIGN AND REMODELING 4797 MERCURY ST SAN DIEGO, CA 92111-2122 JIM LORD CONSTRUCTION 574 HYGEIA AVE ENCINITAS, CA 92024-2601 ROBERT RICHARDSON KARNAK PLANNING & DESIGN 381 CHRISTIANSEN WAY CARLSBAD, CA 92008-2212 MAND M DESIGN AND DRAFTING 2704 VIA COLIMA CARLSBAD, CA 92010-1377 Allez a avery.ca/gabarits : Utilisez le Gabarit Avery 5160 1 .--"7 ' I AVERY 51 60 : MAND M DESIGN AND DRAFTING PO BOX 2078 CARLSBAD, CA 92018 MCFARLAND CONSTRUCTION INC 1119 S MISSION RD . FALLBROOK, CA 92028-3225 JOHN RUMSEY MPA ARCHITECTS INC 3578 30TH ST SAN DIEGO, CA 92104-4143 · OREGON TRAIL REMODELING AND · RESTORATION INC . 1344 SAN PABLO DR SAN MARCOS, CA 92078-4819 ' POLLARD CONSTRUCTION ! 350 W 9TH AVE : ESCONDIDO, CA 92025-5053 · PROFESSIONAL DESIGN AND • REMODELING : PO BOX 1898 : SAN MARCOS, CA 92079 · RA BOOKERBUILDER'S INC '2240 ENCINITAS BLVD ; ENCINITAS, CA 92024-4345 · RG MATHIS CONSTRUCTION INC 2859 CACATUA ST CARLSBAD, CA 92009-4402 I ROBERT BALENTINE : ROBERT BALENTINE CONSULTING ' 2633 HARTFORD ST · SAN DIEGO, CA 92110-2315 , RONS HOUSE OF PLANS : 804 PIER VIEW WAY OCEANSIDE, CA 92054-2813 I I Pat. avery.co~/patents : . Easy Peel® Address Labels : ·. Bend along line to expose Pop-up Edge 1 DEREK BERG MA DESIGN AND DRAFTING 14168 POWAY RD POWAY, CA 92064-4927 I MCFARLAND CONSTRUCTION INC 2420 GRAND AVE VISTA, CA 92081-7827 MVW GENERAL CONSTRUCTION INC 118 S VINEWOOD ST ESCONDIDO, CA 92029-1921 GEORGE WATERS PACIFIC WATERS CONSTRUCTION 41787 BOREALIS DR TEMECULA, CA 92592-3219 PRICE BUILDERS INC 6351 NANCY RIDGE DR SAN DIEGO, CA 92121-2247 1 PROPACIFIC BUILDERS INC 1 1738 CEREUS CT CARLSBAD, CA 92011-5119 REMODEL SOLUTIONS 1107 S COAST HWY OCEANSIDE, CA 92054-5101 RNM CONSTRUCTION INC 1442 ALTA VISTA DR VISTA, CA 92084-5702 ROBERT MORALES ROBERT MORALES DESIGN AND DEV PO BOX 3116 VISTA, CA 92085 RYDER AND ASSOCIATES 1723 S TREMONT ST OCEANSIDE, CA 92054-5308 Etiquettes d 'adresse Easy Peel'" : Repliez a la hachure afin de reveler le rebord Pop-up' 1 Go to avery.com/templates :· Use Avery Template 5160 1 MARROKAL DESIGN AND REMODELING LLC 9842 RIVER ST LAKESIDE, CA 92040-3114 SCOTT MERRY MERACON CORPORATION 7580 CALOMA CIR CARLSBAD, CA 92009-7714 NESTI CONSTRUCTION INC 4059 OCEANSIDE BLVD OCEANSIDE, CA 92056-5822 RICH ANDERSON PATSY GAFFNEY 321 BARBARA ST SOLANA BEACH, CA 92010 PROFESSIONAL DESIGN AND REMODELING 710 AVENI DA AMIGO SAN MARCOS, CA 92069-7301 QUALITY DESIGNERS-BUILDERS 16780 ESPOLA RD POWAY,CA 92064-1640 REMODEL WORKS BATH AND KITCHEN 12147 KIRKHAM RD POWAY, CA 92064-8836 ROBERT BALENTINE ROBERT BALENTINE CONSULTING 10755 SCRIPPS POWAY PKWY SAN DIEGO, CA 92131-3924 VERNON ROETHER ROETHERINCORPORATED 16780 ESPOLA RD POWAY,CA 92064-1640 SANDS GENERAL CONTRACTOR 5955 MIRA MESA BLVD SAN DIEGO, CA 92121-4304 Allez a avery.ca/gaba rits :. 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SUFFRIDGE DESIGN AND BUILD INC I 5912 HALIFAX ST • SAN DIEGO, AZ 92120-1020 TAYLORPRO DESIGN AND REMODELING 10539 CORTE JARDIN DEL MAR SAN DIEGO, CA 92130-4673 TRENDLINE PROPERTIES INC 1895 S CENTRE CITY PKWY ESCONDIDO, CA 92025-6525 : WARREN SCOTT : WARREN SCOTT ARCHITECTURE 1763 2ND ST i ENCINITAS, CA 92024 I I Pat: avery.com/ patents : Easy Peel ''Address Labels : Bend along line to expose Pop-up Edge· 1 SABER 41357 DATE ST MURRIETA, CA 92562-7030 SCOTT GUENDERT CONSTRUCTION INC 7116 AVIARA DR CARLSBAD, CA 92011-4900 1 SELECT DOOR AND WINDOW INC 1291 PACIFIC OAKS PL 1 ESCONDIDO, 92029-2912 SILVERIA DESIGN BUILD CONSULTANT 1565 WILSHIRE RD FALLBROOK, CA 92028-9221 KENNETH VALENZANO TAURUS BUILDERS 2281 VIA CASCABEL ESCONDIDO, CA 92027-4819 THE BROWN STUDIO INC 1650 N COAST HIGHWAY 101 ENCINITAS, CA 92024-1020 VC CONTRACTING 6939 SANDCASTLE DR CARLSBAD, CA 92011-3733 WEATHERLY CONSTRUCTION 1458 FAITH CIR OCEANSIDE, CA 92054-5714 Etiquettes d'adresse Easy Peel"" : Repliez a la hachure afin de reveler le rebord Pop-up· 1 Go to avery.com/templates : Use Avery Template 5160 I SANFORD BUILDERS INC 820 ORPHEUS AVE ENCINITAS, CA 92024-2157 SCOTT GUENDERT CONSTRUCTION INC PO BOX 130084 CARLSBAD, CA 92013-0084 SELECT DOOR AND WINDOW INC 306 W EL NORTE PKWY ESCONDIDO, CA 92026-1960 NIKKI SINCLAIR SINCLAIR DESIGN 7860 VIA TECA CARLSBAD, CA 92009-8244 TAYLOR JONES TAYLOR JONES ARCHITECT 16611 ORCHARD BEND RD POWAY, CA 92065 BRENT TOOLSON TOOLSON CONSTRUCTION CO INC 3424 CAMINO ALEGRE CARLSBAD, CA 92009 WARD GENERAL BUILDING & MGMT INC 7668 EL CAMINO REAL CARLSBAD, CA 92009-7932 YOUNGREN CONSTRUCTION INC 443 E ALVARADO ST FALLBROOK, CA 92028-2913 Allez a avery.ca/gabarits : Utilisez le Gabarit Avery 5160 1 To the members of the: CITY COUNCIL ; ACM _:LCA_u.<;c V / Date~1Jth'\ CM_✓_ ccoo_v_ Council Memorandum Feb. 26, 2019 To: r1 Honorable Mayor Hall and Members of the City Council From: ff9J Gary T. Barberio, Assistant City Manager ~ Via: Scott Chadwick, City Manager {city of Carlsbad Re: Responses to Questions from February 25 City Council Briefings Agenda Item No. 2 -Agreements with Northstar Utilities Solutions and Invoice Cloud for Utility Billing System Upgrade and Payment Services Question 1: Per our CMC, why was this not pursued through a RFP process? Answer: An RFP process was not used as the city is upgrading software it already has a license for from the company that created the software. The software upgrade can only be obtained from the company that created the software. During the contract process, city IT staff investigated whether the upgrade could be obtained from any other source and was unable to find any other vendors. Therefore, the city IT Department is bringing forward the contracts for City Council consideration pursuant to CMC 3.28.060(A)(2), as there is only one firm that can reasonably provide the services. · Agenda Item No. 3 -Energy Conservation and Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Ordinances Question 1: Please provide the link to the costing and technical studies referenced. Answer: http://carlsbadca.gov/services/depts/pw/environment/cap/ordinances.asp Question 2: What outreach specifically to residents was conducted? Answer: Two of the proposed CAP ordinances affect residents directly, the energy efficiency and EV charging ordinances. Based on past permit data, the number of projects that would meet the threshold in a typical year is between 30 and 50. Since it was not possible.to identify those residents potentially considering major remodels in the future, the project team prepared informational materials about the proposed ordinances and made them available on the city website, at the Faraday Center building counter, the City Clerk's Office and Dove Library. In addition, the project team reached out to the architects, builders and contractors who have worked with residents on projects of this size in recent years and who generally do business in Carlsbad. City Manager's Office City Hall 1200 Carlsbad Village Drive I Carlsbad, CA 92008 I 760-434-2820 t David de Cordova, Principal Planner Mike Grim, CAP Administrator Feb. 26, 2019 Climate Action Plan Implementing Ordinances Staff Recommendation •Introduce ordinances amending Carlsbad Municipal Code, Title 18, Chapters 18.21 and 18.30 regarding energy efficiency, renewable energy, alternative water heating and electric vehicle charging infrastructure for residential and nonresidential new construction and major renovations. Presentation Outline •Climate Action Plan (CAP) overview •California Energy Commission review authority •CAP ordinance development process •CAP ordinances –CAP measure goals and reduction targets –Ordinance applicability and requirements •Public outreach •Next Steps Climate Action Plan •Approved with General Plan Update and Program EIR on Sept. 22, 2015 •Contains measures and actions to reach greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction targets 2011 Community Emissions 39% 25% 7% 3% 1% 25% Transportation Commercial Industrial Solid Waste Wastewater Residential What is a ton of GHG? (44 days of a home’s energy use)(avoided GHG) OR OR Source: www.epa.gov homes' energy use for one year Miles driven by an average passenger vehicle Incandescent lamps switched to LEDs Climate Action Plan Measure Letter GHG Reduction Measure A Install residential solar photovoltaics (PV) systems B Install commercial and industrial PV systems C Promote building cogeneration for large commercial and industrial facilities D Encourage single-family residential efficiency retrofits E Encourage multi-family residential efficiency retrofits F Encourage commercial and city facility efficiency retrofits G Promote commercial and city facility commissioning, or improving building operations H Implementation of Green Building Code K M N 0 Replace incandescent bulbs with LED bulbs New construction residential and commercial solar water heater/heat pump installation and retrofit of existing buildings Promote transportation demand management (TOM) Increase zero-emissions vehicle travel Develop more citywide renewable energy projects Reduce the greenhouse gas intensity of water supply conveyance, t reatment, and delivery Encourage installation of greywater and rainwater systems Total Greenhouse Gas Reduction Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction (metric tons C02e) 10,136 13,336 1,067 1,132 351 18,377 18,377 179 21,900 11,604 23,549 54,158 4,580 5,968 1,205 CAP Strategy Areas •Energy efficiency •Renewable energy •Transportation •Water •Public outreach and education Ordinances Overview •Energy efficiency •Renewable energy (photovoltaic systems) •Alternative water heating •Electric vehicle charging infrastructure California Energy Commission (CEC) Authority •All building energy ordinances (energy efficiency, renewable energy and alternative water heating) must receive approval from the CEC. •City must demonstrate that additional requirements are cost-effective. CAP Ordinance Development •Reviewed existing CAP compliance practices for discretionary permits •Researched other jurisdictions and defined parameters •Designed ordinances to reach GHG reduction goals •Conducted cost-effectiveness studies and adjusted ordinances accordingly Energy Efficiency Energy Efficiency –CAP Measures •Measure D: Encourage single family residential energy efficiency retrofits •2035 goal: 50 percent energy reduction in 30 percent of homes •2035 GHG reduction: 1,132 MTCO2e •Measure E: Encourage multi-family residential energy efficiency retrofits •2035 goal: 50 percent energy reduction in 30 percent of units •2035 GHG reduction: 351 MTCO2e Energy Efficiency –CAP Measures •Measure F: Encourage commercial and city facility efficiency retrofits •2035 goal: 40 percent energy reduction in 30 percent of commercial square footage •2035 GHG reduction: 18,377 MTCO2e Energy Efficiency -Residential •Major renovations to existing single family and multi- family residential buildings –$60,000 or greater building permit valuation –Include lighting or heating packages. Include insulation, duct sealing, or cool roofs for older buildings –Exemption for Home Energy Score of seven (7) or higher Energy Efficiency –Non-residential •New construction and major renovations to existing non-residential buildings –$200,000 or greater building permit valuation or 2,000 square feet or more building expansion –Include CALGreen Tier 1 energy efficiency requirements, unless local code is more restrictive Renewable Energy Renewable Energy –CAP Measures •Measure A: Promote installation of residential photovoltaic (PV) systems •2035 goal: an additional 9.1 megawatts of electricity generation •2035 GHG reduction: 10,136 MTCO2e •Measure B: Promote installation of commercial and industrial PV systems •2035 goal: an additional 10.7 megawatts of electricity generation •2035 GHG reduction: 13,336 MTCO2e CAP Solar Targets & Installs Residential NonresidentialMW 2035 TARGET Installed to Date 30.7 MW Installed to Date 8.8 MW 35 25 10 5 30 25 MW 33 MW Sources: City of Carlsbad; CA Distributed Generation Statistics (www.californiadgstats.ca.gov) Photovoltaic systems –Residential •No residential PV ordinance proposed because: –CAP goal is met –2019 CALGreen will require new residential to install PV as of Jan. 1, 2020 Photovoltaic systems –Non-residential •New construction and major renovations to existing non-residential buildings –$1,000,000 or greater building permit valuation affecting 75 percent or more of the floor area; or 2,000 or more square foot roof expansion –Include PV system of the following size: •15 kilowatts (kW) per 10,000 square feet of floor area •Minimum 5 kW for buildings less than 10,000 square feet •Or sized to offset 80 percent of electricity need Alternative Water Heating–CAP Measure •Measure J: New construction residential and commercial solar water heater installation •2035 goal: solar water heaters or heat pumps for all new residential and non-residential buildings. •2035 GHG reduction: 11,604 MTCO2e Alternative Water Heating Room Air 3::::: ~ Cool, Dry Air ~ ~ Condensate Drain Hot Water j,n tank Alternative Water Heating •New construction of residential and non-residential buildings –Heat pump water heater, electric tankless or other electric heating that meets Title 24 paired with PV, or –Solar water heating (60% efficiency residential, 40% nonresidential) •Residential ordinance effective Jan. 1, 2020 Electric Vehicle Charging Electric Vehicles –CAP Measure •Measure L: Promote an increase in the amount of zero-emissions vehicle (ZEV) travel •2035 goal: 25 percent of total vehicle miles traveled by ZEVs •2035 GHG reduction: 54,158 MTCO2e Definitions –EVSE* Capable * EVSE = electric vehicle service equipment Box c:::J c:::J c:::J c:::J c:::J c:::J c:::J c:::J c:::J c:::J c:::J c:::J -EVSE CAPABLE Dedicated Branch Circuit Definitions –EVSE* Ready * EVSE = electric vehicle service equipment Raceway Wiring Branch Circuit Receptacle m a Definitions –EVSE* Installed * EVSE = electric vehicle service equipment c:Jc:J c:Jc:J c:Jc:J c:Jc:J c:Jc:J c:Jc:J ~c:J,--........ Branch Circuit Raceway Wiring Receptacle R Electric Vehicle Charging -Residential •New construction and major renovations of single family, two-family and townhouses –$60,000 or greater building permit valuation or any electrical panel upgrade –Include one EVSE Ready parking space Electric Vehicle Charging -Residential •New construction and major renovations of multi-family residential buildings –$200,000 or greater building permit valuation and major alterations and site work –Provide five (5) percent of parking spaces as EVSE Capable –Provide five (5) percent of parking spaces as EVSE Installed, with a minimum of one space Electric Vehicle Charging –Non-residential •New construction of non-residential buildings –Provide five (5) percent of parking spaces as EVSE Capable –Provide five (5) percent of parking spaces as EVSE Installed, with a minimum of one space Public Outreach •Individual and group stakeholder meetings and presentations •Direct mail and email public notices •Dedicated CAP ordinance page on city website •Notices in newspapers and article in Carlsbad Business Journal •Informational binder at libraries, City Hall and Faraday Center Next Steps March City Council adopts ordinances Staff submits ordinances to CEC April EV Charging ordinance effective April – June Energy Commission reviews ordinances June/July CEC approves ordinances: Energy Efficiency Nonresidential PV Nonresidential water heating Jan. 1, 2020 Statewide residential PV effective City residential water heating effective Staff Recommendation •Introduce ordinances amending Carlsbad Municipal Code, Title 18, Chapters 18.21 and 18.30 regarding energy efficiency, renewable energy, alternative water heating and electric vehicle charging infrastructure for residential and nonresidential new construction and major renovations.